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CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK Organization Name provided in the GuideStar Exchange* as of 06/13/2012: CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK

Organization Name as listed in the IRS Business Master File as of 08/11/2014: CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK

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AKA  The CA
New York, NY
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&1002; Forms 990 2013, 2012, and 2011 Forms 990 filed with the IRS
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Basic Organization Information

CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK Organization Name provided in the GuideStar Exchange* as of 06/13/2012: CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK

Organization Name as listed in the IRS Business Master File as of 08/11/2014: CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK

* The GuideStar Exchange allows nonprofits to regularly update key information directly to GuideStar. It provides richer and broader information about their programs, impact, finances, people and more.
Also Known As: The CA
Physical Address: New York, NY 10027 
EIN: 13-5562324
Web URL: www.correctionalassociation.org 
NTEE Category: R Civil Rights, Social Action, Advocacy
R01 Alliance/Advocacy Organizations
R Civil Rights, Social Action, Advocacy
R05 Research Institutes and/or Public Policy Analysis
I Crime, Legal Related
I01 Alliance/Advocacy Organizations
Ruling Year: 1961 
How This Organization Is Funded: Starry Night Fund - $400,000
Anonymous Donor - $250,000
Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation - $450,000


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Mission Statement

Founded in 1844, the Correctional Association of New York is one of only two private organizations in the country—and the only one in New York—with legislative authority to inspect and report on conditions in state prisons. Through a nationally-recognized model combining independent prison oversight, community organizing, coalition building, public education, policy advocacy, and leadership development, the CA works to create a more fair, efficient and humane criminal justice system and a safer, more just society. The Correctional Association of New York operates three principal projects—Juvenile Justice, Prison Visiting, and Women in Prison.

Legitimacy Information

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Annual Revenue & Expenses (GuideStar Exchange,
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Fiscal Year Starting: July 1, 2010
Fiscal Year Ending: June 30, 2011

Total Revenue $2,704,103
Total Expenses --

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Fiscal Year Starting: July 1, 2010
Fiscal Year Ending: June 30, 2011

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Leadership (GuideStar Exchange,
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June 2012)

Soffiyah Elijah

Term:

Since Mar 2011

Profile:

An accomplished advocate, scholar and educator, Soffiyah Elijah has decades of experience addressing the urgent needs of the marginalized, silenced and indigent people in our criminal and juvenile justice systems. Ms. Elijah came to the Correctional Association from the Criminal Justice Institute at Harvard Law School, where she had been a clinical instructor for the past 11 years and the Deputy Director for the past eight years. At the Institute, she trained hundreds of law students to become effective and ethical lawyers and to engage in local and national reform of criminal and juvenile justice policies. A native New Yorker, Ms. Elijah practiced criminal and family law in New York City for more than 20 years. Before moving to Harvard, she was a member of the faculty and Director and supervising attorney of the Defender Clinic at the City University of New York School of Law. She was a supervising attorney at the Neighborhood Defender Service of Harlem, where she defended indigent members of the Harlem community, and worked as a staff attorney for the Juvenile Rights Division of the Legal Aid Society. Honored by the Massachusetts chapter of the National Lawyers Guild in 2010, Ms. Elijah has dedicated her life to human rights and social activism. She is a recognized national and international authority on human rights issues and has served as a justice on several people’s tribunals focused on the government’s response to Hurricane Katrina, the testing of bombs in Vieques, Puerto Rico, and conditions of confinement. A highly respected scholar, she has authored several articles and publications on U.S. criminal and juvenile justice policy and prison conditions and is a frequent presenter at national and international forums.

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June 2012)

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Programs

Program: Juvenile Justice Project (GuideStar Exchange,
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June 2012)

Budget:
$498,905
Category:
Crime & Legal
Population Served:
Youth/Adolescents only (14 - 19 years)
Poor/Economically Disadvantaged, Indigent, General
Ethnic/Racial Minorities -- General

Program Description:

Through its work, the Juvenile Justice Project(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/JJP/index.htm) seeks to reorient the justice system away from a punitive approach toward a stronger emphasis on community-based prevention and alternatives to jail and prison. More specifically, the Project: coordinates the Juvenile Justice Coalition(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/JJP/jjcoalition.htm) to advocate and lobby for fair and effective responses to youth crime; produces reports(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/publications/reports.htm#JJP) , position papers and fact sheets(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/publications/factsheets.htm#JJP) , which analyze existing juvenile justice policies and explore alternatives; educates the public and state and local legislators about juvenile justice issues through media outreach, public forums, advocacy days in Albany, and other public events; and trains young people, their families, and community members to become leaders in the movement to transform juvenile justice policies in New York.

Program Long-Term Success:

Our Juvenile Justice Project’s efforts are rooted in the belief that a community justice approach—in the form of creative partnerships among community groups, juvenile justice institutions and young people—is the best way to change how this system operates in poor, marginalized communities.  The Project works to decrease the number of New York youth entering jails and prisons; reduce racial disparity in the juvenile justice system; ensure the legal rights of all court-involved youth; improve outcomes for young people confined in juvenile justice institutions; and involve young people in decision-making about juvenile justice policy.

Program Short-Term Success:

Program Success Monitored by:

We measure our short-term progress on the successful completion of the advocacy, collaboration, and public education activities, and by the momentum that we build in helping create the political environment where substantive juvenile justice policy reform can occur.

Program Success Examples:

The Project supplied key support for New York State Office of Children and Family Services proposals to close juvenile prisons, which resulted in agreements by state legislators to close a total of 11 state juvenile prisons and 3 evening reporting centers and to downsize 2 additional juvenile prisons.   The Project successfully advocated for reinvesting significant portions of cost savings in alternative programs.  JJP was also a leading advocate for the Safe Harbor Act for Exploited Children, a law that prevents the state from prosecuting and incarcerating sexually exploited children on prostitution charges and creates a range of victim services.

Program: Public Policy Project (GuideStar Exchange,
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June 2012)

Budget:
$157,687
Category:
Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy
Population Served:
Offenders/Ex-offenders
General Public/Unspecified
Substance Abusers (Drug/Alcohol Abusers)

Program Description:

The Public Policy Project(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/PPP/index.htm) 's current principal goal is to reduce over-incarceration in New York State. To achieve this objective, the Project coordinates the Drop the Rock Coalition, which advocates for policies that reduce incarceration rates, including repealing the vestiges of the Rockefeller Drug Laws. Through education, organizing and advocacy, Drop the Rock aims to decrease the number of people who are incarcerated in New York and reduce the bed capacity of the state prison system. Our grassroots campaign promotes full repeal of the Rockefeller Drug Laws and constructive reforms to parole and work release policies, which cause the unnecessary imprisonment of thousands of people each year. In addition we strongly advocate for reinvestment in alternative, prevention, and in-prison rehabilitation programs to prepare people for successful reentry.

Program Long-Term Success:

The end goals of the Public Policy Project are: the reduction of overincarceration rates in New York; the reinvestment of funds into rehabilitative and alternative to incarceration programs; and the full repeal of the Rockefeller Drug Laws.

Program Short-Term Success:

Program Success Monitored by:

We measure our short-term progress on the successful completion of the advocacy, collaboration, and public education activities, and by the momentum that we build in helping create the political environment where substantive criminal justice policy reform can occur.

Program Success Examples:

On April 24, 2009, Governor David Paterson signed into law significant reforms marking the beginning of the end of New York’s notorious Rockefeller Drug Laws. The deal for reform came three weeks after the CA's Drop the Rock Advocacy Day in Albany—where advocates delivered 30,000 petitions supporting repeal to Governor Paterson, Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver and Senate Majority Leader Malcolm Smith—and only two days after a rally organized by Drop the Rock calling for the end of the drug laws outside of Governor Paterson's New York City office.

Program: Prison Visiting Project (GuideStar Exchange,
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June 2012)

Budget:
$535,422
Category:
Crime & Legal
Population Served:
Offenders/Ex-offenders
Male Adults
General Public/Unspecified

Program Description:

Focusing on men's prisons, the Prison Visiting Projec(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/PVP/index.htm target=) t carries out the CA's unique legislative authority to monitor prison conditions in New York State correctional facilities. In conjunction with regular monitoring visits, the Project conducts intensive investigations on key corrections issues and releases detailed reports of findings and recommendations. After issuing the reports, the Project engages in extensive follow up: urging policymakers to adopt its recommendations; educating the public through the news media, the CA website and public forums; and participating in coalitions of concerned organizations to support and expand the movement for change.

Program Long-Term Success:

Program Short-Term Success:

Over the next year, the Project will conduct regular monitoring visits to 8-10 correctional facilities and publish facility reports on each.

Program Success Monitored by:

Following our visits, the Project prepares comprehensive institutional reports issued to facility administrators, DOCS officials, relevant state agencies and legislators, and to the general public. Presented to a facility’s executive team—the superintendent and administrators who oversee an individual prison—and to DOCS Central Office, these reports draw attention to conditions and programs inside prisons, serve as tools for improving conditions in specific facilities, and provide a means of promoting model programs and best practices. The Project also provides inmates with our contact information, and receives and responds to approximately 100 letters every month from prisoners seeking assistance and conveying grievances.

Program Success Examples:

In addition to its monitoring and research work, the Project has: successfully advocated for a new law that mandates the New York State Department of Health to oversee HIV and hepatitis C care in NY prisons; released the first-ever comprehensive review of the State's prison-based substance abuse treatment programs(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/PVP/substance_abuse.htm) . The report, Treatment Behind Bars: Substance Abuse Treatment in New York State Prisons, 2007-2010, culminates a three-year study conducted by the PVP, including visits to 23 prisons; interviews with experts, treatment staff and participants; and, the analysis of over 2,300 inmate surveys and system-wide data; helped defeat an amendment put forth by the governor that would have seriously weakened the SHU Bill—landmark legislation the CA successfully promoted in 2008 that prohibits prisons from confining people with mental illness in punitive segregation, or Special Housing Units.

Program: Women in Prison Project (GuideStar Exchange,
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June 2012)

Budget:
$686,718
Category:
Crime & Legal
Population Served:
Female Adults
Children and Youth (infants - 19 years.)
General Public/Unspecified

Program Description:

Using unique statutory authority granted to the Association in 1846, the Women in Prison Project(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/WIPP/index.htm) (WIPP) monitors conditions in women's prisons in New York – a role played by no other group in the state or country.  WIPP also coordinates the Coalition for Women Prisoners, a statewide alliance comprised of more than 1,600  people from over 100 organizations.  Together, WIPP and the Coalition carry out advocacy campaigns to reform harmful criminal justice policies and create new practices that make sense for women and that raise the standard of living for all.  In 2003, WIPP launched ReConnect, a leadership and advocacy training program for women recently home from prison. WIPP also performs research and policy analysis, publishes policy papers and reports, and conducts public education and community organizing.

Program Long-Term Success:

Recognizing that incarceration is an ineffective and inhumane response to the social ills facing women, the Project advocates for a shift in government priorities away from prison and toward alternative programs where a woman can stay connected to her family, address underlying issues, and become a productive member of society.

Program Short-Term Success:

Program Success Monitored by:

Prison Monitoring: Following a facility visit, the Project prepares comprehensive institutional reports issued to facility administrators, DOCS officials, relevant state agencies and legislators, and to the general public. Presented to a facility’s executive team—the superintendent and administrators who oversee an individual prison—and to DOCS Central Office, these reports draw attention to conditions and programs inside prisons, serve as tools for improving conditions in specific facilities, and provide a means of promoting model programs and best practices. WIPP also provides inmates with our contact information, and receives letters every month from women seeking assistance and conveying grievances. Advocacy: We measure our short-term progress on the successful completion of the advocacy, collaboration, and public education activities, and by the momentum that we build in helping create the political environment where our Coalition’s legislative priorities can become realities. We will assess this momentum by the number of elected officials, policymakers, and agency administrators who support our reforms and by the number of formerly incarcerated women and community members we mobilize to speak out in favor of our current legislative agenda. ReConnect: The Project will continue to evaluate the success of its ReConnect(http://www.correctionalassociation.org/WIPP/reconnect.htm) program on the basis of a combination of practical results: our ability to run two training cycles per year with approximately 80% of the participants successfully completing their three month cycle; constructive feedback obtained from program participants through written surveys and one-on-one interviews completed at the end of each ReConnect training; feedback from participants about ways they utilize the information and skills obtained through the program to meet key reentry needs and advocate for themselves; strong and consistent peer leader participation; and increased participation of participants and alumnae in Coalition for Women Prisoners work and community advocacy.

Program Success Examples:

What we have recently accomplished: Spearheading successful campaigns to enact the: (1) Anti-Shackling Law, which forbids prisons and jails from restraining incarcerated women during labor, delivery and recovery; (2) Adoption and Safe Families Act Expanded Discretion Law, which helps protect the parental rights of incarcerated mothers with children in foster care; (3) HIV-Hepatitis C Oversight Law which requires the Department of Health to monitor HIV/HCV care in prison; and (4) Medicaid Suspension Law, which reversed the state’s practice of terminating Medicaid for people entering prison and jail. Helping to secure state funding for a family visitation program at New York’s largest women’s prison and establishing health and parenting sections in the libraries of each women’s prison. Initiating an intensive program to monitor conditions inside women’s prisons, gather information using gender-specific research tools, and advocate for improvements. Graduating 127 women from ReConnect and launching a Peer Leader initiative for graduates to engage in program support, mentoring, continued training, policy work and community outreach.
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Impact Summary from the Nonprofit

OUR RECENT ACHIEVEMENTS Successfully advocating for a new law that will prevent the termination of incarcerated parents' parental rights and help keep parents and their children connected; Mandating the NYS Department of Health to oversee HIV and hepatitis C care in prisons; Banning the use of shackles and handcuffs on incarcerated women during labor; Substantially reforming the mandatory minimum Rockefeller Drug Laws; Significantly reducing the state’s juvenile prison capacity; Prohibiting the incarceration of sexually exploited children on prostitution charges; Instituting a non-discrimination policy—among the most progressive of its kind in the country—that protects lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning youth in state custody from violence and harassment; Prohibiting the confinement of inmates with serious mental illness in disciplinary segregation.

Expert Assessment

The Correctional Association of New York has been prolific in its policy reform initiatives. Along with making real changes in state legislation, the CA has also garnered media attention through its advocacy programs. Read More »

Expert Reviews and Comments

2011 Philanthropedia Top Nonprofit

This organization is a 2011 Philanthropedia top nonprofit, recommended by experts as having high impact.

These expert reviews were generated through Philanthropedia's research methodology to identify high-impact nonprofits. Learn more

Evidence of Impact

The Correctional Association of New York has been prolific in its policy reform initiatives. Along with making real changes in state legislation, the CA has also garnered media attention through its advocacy programs.

Successful Policy Reform
This group got New York to close some prisons and reverse the Rockefeller Drug Laws. They also issued some important reports on various topics, including a few about conditions in New York prisons. Researcher and Faculty
The CA has had a presence in New York for many years and is the foremost criminal justice reform organization in the state. Their work was critical to the recent reforms to the Rockefeller Drug Laws and has been influential in pushing Governor Cuomo to close near vacant prisons in the state despite political pressure from upstate policymakers not to do so. Nonprofit Senior Staff
Strong leadership on both policy issues and day-to-day prison conditions. Researcher and Faculty
Strong Advocacy and Media Attention
An excellent advocacy organization that has consistently provided leadership on criminal justice reform issues. Their juvenile justice project has been especially important in driving progressive change in New York City. Researcher and Faculty
They have made an impact by providing long-term advocacy around prison conditions and sentencing policy, along with producing high-profile media attention to the issues. Nonprofit Senior Staff
An excellent advocacy organization that has consistently provided leadership on criminal justice reform issues. Their juvenile justice project has been especially important in driving progressive change in New York City. Other
Fostering Empowerment
They have been able to empower former prisoners and prisoners' families while providing critical oversight of New York state prisons. Researcher and Faculty

Organizational Strengths

According to experts, the CA has maintained its good name in the community because of its highly dedicated leadership and staff.

Unique Access to the Issue
It is one of only two non-profits in the US with legislative authority to conduct inspections of state prisons--this is extraordinary access to closed institutions. It has a deeply committed staff who are passionate and knowledgeable about their issues. It also has a strong Board of Directors and excellent media relationships. Researcher and Faculty
Committed Leadership and Staff
The institutional knowledge and expertise among leadership and staff is considerable. They are very progressive and definitely push the envelope on the breath of issues they promote regardless of the likelihood of public support. They are motivated by moral outrage with the system. Nonprofit Senior Staff
They have achieved success because of their long-term staff and leadership and their strong social justice orientation. Nonprofit Senior Staff

Areas for Improvement

The CA could increase its impact through a more solid connection with the police department.

Stronger Connections to Police Department
The CA has a new Executive, Director and it will take time for her to set her own priorities and shape the organization in new ways; however, it is hard to judge at this early stage of her leadership. The CA needs to develop better working relationships with the NY Department of Corrections so that their recommendations will be taken seriously when it comes to prison conditions. Researcher and Faculty
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