Mangrove Action Project

For the mangroves and the mangrove communities

aka MAP   |   Seattle, WA   |


Partnering with mangrove forest communities, grassroots NGOs, researchers and local governments to conserve and restore mangrove forests and related coastal ecosystems, while promoting community-based, sustainable management of coastal resources.

Ruling year info


Executive Director

Dr. Dominic Wodehouse

Main address

1455 NW Leary Way Suite 400

Seattle, WA 98107 USA

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NTEE code info

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (C01)

Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation and Management (C32)

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Healthy mangrove forests play an important role in carbon sequestration—they account for nearly a third of the world's terrestrial carbon stores. Intact mangroves form a natural coastline protection shield against floods, storms or other natural disasters. Beyond these irreplaceable ecosystem services, mangroves also provide important socio-economic benefits to coastal communities. In regions where the forest has been destroyed, local rural communities are left without traditional livelihoods and shelter. A huge diversity of flora and fauna call mangroves home, including some endangered species like the Bengal Tiger. In spite of those important functions, more than 50% of global mangrove forests have been destroyed in the past century, mainly caused by human development. Reforestation programs in these areas would therefore rebuild this protection and increase the potential for sustainable development, and conservation programs would prevent future losses.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Building a Global Mangrove Network from the Mangrove Roots Upwards

Witnessing firsthand the rapid devastation of the world's mangrove forest wetlands and their associated coastal ecosystems, the founders of the Mangrove Action Project (MAP) decided in 1992 that it was time to form a global network to save the mangroves. MAP has grown steadily during the last 30 years to become a respected member of the global environmental movement. MAP's international network has grown to include over 450 NGOs and 300 scientists and academics from 60 nations. In recent years, MAP has transformed from a network- and advocacy-focused organization into one still involved in advocacy, but with programs and activities on the ground, supported through a local office in Thailand.

MAP's pro-active five-pronged approach to long-term mangrove conservation involves: education, advocacy, collaboration, conservation and restoration, and sustainable community-based development.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Working alongside mangrove ecologists, local NGOs, and communities, MAP promotes the Community-Based 'Ecological – hydrological’ Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) methodology, an economical and efficient way to mangrove restoration that follows basic natural processes. This well-considered model directly engages local community participation, and has proven extremely successful. Reaching far beyond mere hand planting of one species, as is sadly typical of mangrove restoration projects, CBEMR greatly increases the effective restoration of biodiversity to ecosystem-wide degraded mangrove forests. Natural restoration and/or manual planting of mangroves utilizing the EMR model is an important tool for international relief organizations to implement in order to restore mangroves in a cost effective manner to counter increased storm surges and rising seas

The Basic Principles of Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration:
1. A proper involvement of community members and any other relevant agencies should be ensured during the whole process
2. Understand the autecology (individual species ecology) of the mangrove species at the site; in particular, the patterns of reproduction, propagule distribution, and successful seedling establishment
3. Understand the normal hydrological patterns that control the distribution and successful establishment of growth of targeted mangroves species
4. Assess disturbances and modifications of the original mangrove environment that currently prevent natural secondary succession (recovery after damage)
5. Design the restoration program to restore appropriate hydrology and, if possible, utilize natural volunteer mangroves propagule recruitment for plant establishment
6. Implement the restoration plan using the natural nearby mangroves as a reference model
7. Only utilize the actual planting of propagules, collected seeds, or cultivated seedlings after determining (through steps 1-5) that natural recruitment will not provide the quantity of successfully established seedlings, rate of stabilization, or rate of growth of saplings defined as objective for the restoration project
8. Design and follow a long-term monitoring plan (usually for 3-5 years) which is critical to ensuring the success of the restoration project.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Educating the future decision-makers in each nation containing mangroves is vital if we hope to conserve these unique ecosystems. MAP’s curriculum, "Marvellous
Mangroves” was first adapted twelve years, from hands-on science-based programs and activities.  We have received overwhelming expressions of interest in our new curriculum from throughout the tropical world. MAP will be implementing the introduction of the curriculum through a
"train-the-trainer" process where MAP staff will train key teachers in each country. MAP's interactive 300-page Mangrove Curriculum is now in China, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Honduras, Guatemala, Cayman Islands and Colombia.

It is necessary to translate and adapt to the flora and fauna for each country where the curriculum is introduced. We want to expand the reach of this important educational tool to reach more children in more nations.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

The leading cause of mangrove destruction is the meteoric growth of the shrimp farming industry in the developing world – 35% of all mangrove deforestation is caused by development for shrimp ponds. In an effort to produce cheap shrimp, mangroves and their accompanying ecosystem services are stripped from coastlines and replaced by open system shrimp farms that pollute the surrounding environment.

The Question Your Shrimp campaign is currently working to gather support from restaurants, chefs, retailers, and consumers who are pledging not to serve or buy unhealthy imported shrimp. By raising awareness and changing consumer demand in the U.S. (currently, the #1 consumer of imported shrimp), the campaign strives to reduce mangrove deforestation and oppression of coastal communities overseas.

Population(s) Served

Where we work


Winner - Myanmar 2015

Energy Globe Award

Advancing Environmental Sustainability 2020

.ORG Impact Awards

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of training workshops

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) Projects

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Overall, facilitate the restoration of degraded and lost mangroves and conserve existing mangroves for the benefit of local communities. We do this by
- Training NGOs, individuals, organizations, and governments how to restore mangrove forests using MAP's best practice Community Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) techniques. This training is crucial, recognizing that mangrove restoration goes beyond simple planting, often requiring nuanced approaches to avoid project failures.
- Encourage other groups to use our CBEMR best practice
- Encourage the conservation of existing mangroves and community forest management
- Educate school children about the importance and benefits of local mangroves. Our goal is to influence these young individuals to advocate for mangrove conservation, ultimately contributing to the preservation of this vital ecosystem as they grow.
- Increasing awareness of the value of mangroves and the various threats they face, fostering a broader understanding of the importance of mangrove conservation.

Around the world we conduct Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) workshops
- Provide theoretical and practical training to diverse stakeholders, including NGOs, government environment officers, forest officers, local government units, policy officers, community groups, and academics. This training covers community empowerment, the science of mangroves, hydrological improvements to restore a site, and emphasizes leaving participants with the capacity to make informed decisions about site choice and necessary activities. Workshops have been successfully conducted in over 18 countries.
- Conduct follow-up sessions, either online or in the field, to encourage, advise, and guide participants.
- Develop networks of participants that provide each other with support and advice

Encourage participants and others to conserve existing mangroves, highlighting their greater biodiversity, carbon storage, and provision of many mangrove benefits

Continue to run our youth education program, which has been recently expanded and upgraded to include seagrass and corals. This very hands-on, practical curriculum not only teaches children about the science and benefits of their local mangrove, it also trains teachers to effectively deliver this curriculum - transforming the program from a potential burden to a significant asset. This program has been run in 17 countries with over half a million school children.

Increase public awareness of the role and importance of mangrove forests.
- A children's art competition is run annually and the best 13 submissions are produced as a calendar
- MAP runs an annual Mangrove Photography Awards which has been featured in many media outlets such as the BBC and The Guardian.
- Extensive use of social media and films on YouTube also convey our message of mangrove conservation and restoration.
- Manage an e-group of 550+ mangrove restorationists around the world, providing information about funding, conferences and key research output. And publish a bi-weekly newsletter and mangrove matters to 4,000 recipients

With over three decades of dedicated work on mangrove-related issues, Mangrove Action Project stands out as a leading provider of restoration training and youth education. Our team, boasting over 100 years of collective service with MAP, comprises mangrove restoration and education experts, and includes two directly relevant PhDs and decades of practical experience on the ground, both social and scientific.

Over the past 30 years, we have introduced and supported the adoption of our restoration methodology to over 18 nations. Over the past two years, MAP has achieved substantial progress in promoting the CBEMR methodology through collaborative partnerships with organizations like WWF, Wetlands International, Waterkeepers, Save Our Mangroves Now, the US Forestry Service, and the Global Mangrove Alliance. Recently we conducted comprehensive training sessions in countries spanning Kenya, Indonesia, Bahamas, Ecuador, Sri Lanka, El Salvador, and Tanzania. Additionally, online sessions covered regions across the Pacific and Caribbean. These workshops are designed to provide intensive training to help the implementation of our CBEMR "best practice" method effectively.

We took advantage of the COVID lockdown to expand the 'Marvellous Mangroves' curriculum that was currently being run in the Cayman Islands to include the interconnected ecosystems of seagrass beds and coral reefs. This strategic enhancement enriches our educational outreach efforts and positions the curriculum as a comprehensive coastal education guide that is now being launched internationally, providing educators worldwide with a valuable resource for teaching about coastal ecosystems and promoting environmental stewardship on a global scale.

Our Mangrove Photography Awards captured global attention in 2023, drawing over 2,000 submissions from 72 countries, marking our most impactful edition yet. In 2022, we experienced an average growth rate of 44.95% across our social media platforms. Furthermore, we recently commemorated the 20th anniversary of the Children's Art Calendar, receiving 300 submissions from 45 countries, underscoring the enduring success of our initiatives.


Mangrove Action Project

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The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.


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Connect with nonprofit leaders


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  • Analyze a variety of pre-calculated financial metrics
  • Access beautifully interactive analysis and comparison tools
  • Compare nonprofit financials to similar organizations

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Mangrove Action Project

Board of directors
as of 02/29/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board chair

Mr. Roger de Freitas

Roger de Freitas

D. Graham Andrews

Sherry Manning

John Cowan

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Not applicable
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? No
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Not applicable
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 2/23/2024

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation

No data


No data

Equity strategies

Last updated: 07/13/2021

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We review compensation data across the organization (and by staff levels) to identify disparities by race.