FOOD RESEARCH & ACTION CENTER INC

The premier anti-hunger group in Washington

aka Campaign to End Childhood Hunger   |   Washington, DC   |  www.frac.org

Mission

To improve the nutrition, health, and well-being of people struggling against poverty-related hunger in the United States through advocacy, partnerships, and the advancement of bold and equitable policy solutions.

Ruling year info

1972

President

Mr. Luis Guardia

Main address

1200 18th Street NW Suite 400

Washington, DC 20036 USA

Show more contact info

EIN

23-7200739

NTEE code info

Nutrition Programs (K40)

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (W01)

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (O01)

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Communication

Blog

Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, too many households were struggling with hunger, poverty, and their associated poor outcomes for health, education, and achievement. In 2019 (the most recent official data available), both the food insecurity rate and the poverty rate were 10.5 percent. There were 10.5 million children living in poverty, and 10.7 million children living in food-insecure homes. Substantial disparities in poverty, food insecurity, and their associated health outcomes persisted among communities of color and women, as well as children. COVID-19 dramatically deepened the hunger and poverty crisis. Between 26–29 million U.S. adults reported that members of their households sometimes or often did not have enough to eat during the first few months of the pandemic. Black and Latinx households, women, and children have been particularly hit hard during the pandemic.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

SNAP

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) is the nation’s most important direct defense against hunger. This critical program improves nutrition, health, and well-being while helping families use mainstream systems of commercial food outlets that stimulate the economy. Even in the month prior to the onset of COVID-19, SNAP was serving nearly 37 million people across the country — children, parents and unemployed and underemployed adults, older adults, people with disabilities, military veterans, and members of the active duty military, among others.

Research demonstrates the effectiveness of SNAP in alleviating poverty; reducing food insecurity; improving the health, nutrition, and wellbeing of children, adults, and older adults; reducing health care utilization and costs; and stabilizing the economy during downturns. Indeed, each $1 in SNAP benefits during economic downturns generates between $1.50 and $1.80 in economic activity, making it one of the nation’s most effective countercyclical tools.

Fundamentally, SNAP’s structure is sound, but key improvements are needed to strengthen its impact for eliminating hunger, improving health, and stimulating the economy during COVID-19 and beyond. Working at the national, state, and local levels, FRAC engages in advocacy, research, communications, and partnerships to ensure access to SNAP is maximized, eligibility is expanded, participation meets need, and benefit levels are adequate for good nutrition and health.

Population(s) Served
Economically disadvantaged people
Seniors
Children
Parents
Women

The National School Lunch Program — the nation’s second largest food and nutrition assistance program behind SNAP — makes it possible for all school children in the U.S. to receive a nutritious lunch every school day. The vast majority of schools — approximately 95 percent — participate in the program, providing meals to more than 30 million children on an average day.

The School Breakfast Program provides millions of children a nutritious morning meal each school day. School breakfast is a critical support for struggling families trying to stretch limited resources and provides children a significant portion of the nutrition they need to learn and be healthy.

The Afterschool Nutrition Programs allows schools, local government agencies, and private nonprofits to serve a meal and a snack to children after school, on weekends, and during school holidays.

When school lets out for summer, millions of low-income children lose access to the school breakfasts, lunches and afterschool snacks and meals they receive during the regular school year. The Summer Nutrition Programs help fill this gap by providing free meals and snacks to children who might otherwise go hungry.

Created in response to COVID-19, Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer (P-EBT) provides nutritional resources to families who have lost access to free or reduced-price school meals due to school closures. Families will receive money on a new or existing EBT card to help fill the school meals gap.

FRAC is the leading advocacy group working to ensure that school meals, out-of-school time meals, and Pandemic EBT have the most profound impact on childhood hunger and poverty, health, development, and learning. Working at the national, state, and local levels, FRAC engages in advocacy, research, communications, and partnerships to ensure access to the school-aged child nutrition programs is maximized, eligibility is expanded, participation meets need, and nutrition standards support good nutrition and health.

Population(s) Served
Children
Adolescents
Preteens

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides low-income nutritionally at-risk pregnant women, postpartum mothers, infants, and children up to 5 years old with nutritious foods, nutrition education, breastfeeding support, and referrals to health care. Research shows that WIC improves participants’ health and well-being, dietary intake, and birth and health outcomes; protects against obesity; and supports learning and development. WIC benefits are cost-effective, generating major savings in federal, state, local, and private health care, as well as special education costs. Studies demonstrate that WIC improves the food and economic security of participants by reducing food insecurity, helping to alleviate poverty, and supporting economic stability.

The Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) helps provide nutritious meals and snacks for eligible children and elderly or disabled adults who are enrolled at participating child care centers, family child care homes, afterschool programs, Head Start programs, adult care centers, and homeless shelters. CACFP ensures that children start good nutrition habits early in life, grow healthy and strong, and are prepared for school by being ready to learn. The program, which normally distributes $3.4 billion/year in meal reimbursements, plays a vital role in improving the quality of child care and making it more affordable for many families with low incomes.

Working at the national, state, and local levels, FRAC engages in advocacy, research, communications, and partnerships to ensure access to the early childhood programs is maximized, eligibility is expanded, participation meets need, and nutrition standards support good nutrition and health.

Population(s) Served
Economically disadvantaged people
Economically disadvantaged people
Economically disadvantaged people
Infants and toddlers
Women

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of requests for advocate products or information, including downloads or page views of online material

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people

Related Program

School-Aged Programs

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Number of page views of FRAC's Pandemic EBT webpage alone in 2020.

Number of list subscribers

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Number of research or policy analysis products developed, e.g., reports, briefs

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

Number of policy reports, issue briefs, infographics, and blogs produced in 2020.

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

1. Strengthen the federal nutrition programs to ensure they provide sufficient and dignified access to nutrition to individuals and families with low-incomes in the U.S.
2. Guarantee that federal nutrition program implementation at the federal, state, and local levels maximizes available benefits.
3. Support policies and programs that reduce poverty and other root causes of hunger.
4. Reduce the racial hunger gap by embedding equity in the Federal Nutrition Assistance Programs.
5. Build a national commitment in support of just and effective anti-hunger policies.

FRAC engages in a broad range of strategies at the national, state, and local levels to strengthen and improve participation and benefits in the federal nutrition programs, including: policy analysis; research; advocacy; lobbying; outreach; dissemination of best practices and other materials; annual conferences, webinars, and other training opportunities; intensive technical assistance to state and local groups and public and private non-profit service providers; public education; messaging; work with media and digital media ; coalition building; regranted funding; and similar work. As a key part of this work, FRAC informs, mobilizes, and empowers a network of national, state, and local organizations and policymakers.

For many years FRAC has been the epicenter of thought leadership, technical assistance, training, information dissemination, policy analysis, research, and coalition-building involving the federal nutrition programs. FRAC’s position in the anti-poverty and anti-hunger sphere is unique in many respects. Focusing on public programs, we integrate national, state, and local anti-hunger efforts into a comprehensive strategy and work in a bipartisan manner to shore up support for program expansion and improvements.

FRAC staff have decades of experience working on these efforts and are acknowledged experts and leaders on the workings of the federal nutrition programs. FRAC senior staff bring to bear their deep knowledge and wealth of experience to the leadership roles they serve in numerous leading coalitions and collaborations, including the Breakfast for Learning Education Alliance, the Child Nutrition Forum, the Coalition on Human Needs, the eGovernment Payments Council, the Hunger Vital Sign Community of Practice, the National CACFP Forum, the National Academy of Medicine Roundtable on Obesity Solutions, and the Protecting Immigrant Families Campaign

FRAC has worked to expand access to, participation in, and benefits in the full range of nutrition programs, and to protect and improve nutrition quality in the programs as the means to address the complex set of problems of hunger, poverty, and poor health. This approach by FRAC has come to define the field of work.

In 2020, FRAC advocated for the availability, adoption, and extension of waivers and flexibilities that expanded access to and outreach for the federal nutrition programs—particularly providing remote services for WIC and SNAP and non-congregate feeding options for schools, out-of-school time providers, and child care programs.

The federal nutrition programs have responded as intended to the economic crisis, and program participation reflects that. SNAP and WIC are countercyclical and expanded in their reach during economic decline. School meals, out-of-school time meals, and child care food quickly had to be reconceptualized to account for school closures and social distancing; participation in grab-and-go meals was dramatically lower than in-person participation had been. Pandemic EBT, which FRAC helped create and implement nationwide, helped fill the gap for families.

FRAC and our partners also protected the structure of the federal nutrition programs, particularly SNAP, from harmful administrative changes. Three harmful proposed SNAP rule changes to Categorical Eligibility, Heat and Eat, and time limits for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) were paused during the pandemic and ultimately withdrawn. Resistance to these negative proposals succeeded because of widespread bipartisan and multi-sector opposition that FRAC continues to sustain, and because of widespread media criticism FRAC helped generate. FRAC’s research, analyses, strategic leadership, coalition building, and communications work all played an essential role.

While the “public charge” rule that threatens immigrants’ ability to access safety net benefits without adverse immigration consequences went into effect for a year, it recently was permanently blocked nationwide. FRAC and our partners have worked, and will continue, to mitigate the chilling effect on program participation.

Financials

FOOD RESEARCH & ACTION CENTER INC
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Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

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Connect with nonprofit leaders

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  • Analyze a variety of pre-calculated financial metrics
  • Access beautifully interactive analysis and comparison tools
  • Compare nonprofit financials to similar organizations

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FOOD RESEARCH & ACTION CENTER INC

Board of directors
as of 8/16/2021
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board chair

Ms. Judith Whittlesey

Susan Davis International

Term: 2021 - 2024

Mayra Alvarez

The Children's Partnership

Dave Carlin

International Dairy Foods Association

Carolyn Cavicchio

S&P Global Foundation

Molly Fogarty

Nestle Corporate Affairs

Alison Goldberg

Writer/Consultant

John Gibson

Motion Picture Association

Dan Glickman

The Aspen Institute

Matthew Melmed

Zero To Three

Ronald Pollack

Luis Guardia

Food Research & Action Center

Eric Rodriguez

UnidosUS

Elizabeth (Beth) Johnson

Food Directions LLC

Kellie Adesina

Bayer U.S. - Crop Science

Sherry Brennan

Whip Media Group

Jeff Davidoff

The Idea Monkeys

Kofi Essel, MD, MPH, FAAP

Children's National Hospital

Diane Schanzenbach

Northwestern University

Judith Whittlesey

Susan Davis International

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 08/16/2021

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? GuideStar partnered on this section with CHANGE Philanthropy and Equity in the Center.

Leadership

The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Hispanic/Latino/Latina/Latinx
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender (cisgender)
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or Straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

No data

Gender identity

No data

 

No data

Sexual orientation

No data

Disability

No data