The Citizens Foundation USA

aka TCF-USA   |   Houston, TX   |  www.tcfusa.org

Mission

The Citizens Foundation, USA supports the building of civil society in Pakistan by providing quality education to underprivileged children, promoting gender equality and advocating reform of public education.

Ruling year info

2003

CEO

Mr. Salman Hasan

Founder / Director Development

Mr. Danial Noorani

Main address

2900 Wilcrest Drive Suite 225

Houston, TX 77042 USA

Show more contact info

EIN

41-2046295

NTEE code info

Primary/Elementary Schools (B24)

Fund Raising and/or Fund Distribution (B12)

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Communication

Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

In Pakistan, the public sector has failed to provide access to or quality education. The country has the second largest out of school population in the world after Nigeria. Half of Pakistan's children are out of school. Another great tragedy is that even the kids who are in school are illiterate – over half of 3rd graders cannot read a sentence. Children drop out at high rates because they are not learning anything in school. Girls drop out after 5th grade because parents do not want them to walk long distances to get to secondary schools (for safety reasons) or because they do not trust male teachers. Many families pull their children out, want their daughters to marry early, or do not see utility to schooling for girls. TCF-USA supports the programs of TCF in Pakistan. TCF is operating 1,687 schools with an enrollment of 271,804 children in urban slums and poor rural areas all over Pakistan. Half of TCF's students are girls.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

TCF - Build School

In 2020, TCF-USA supported building new primary and secondary school units by raising fund amounting to 2.02M USD. This helped create educational opportunities for underprivileged children in the most impoverished and remote regions of Pakistan. Each of these schools have a capacity of 180 students.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth
Students

In 2020, TCF-USA raised 8.4M USD from USA donors for the operational support of schools in Pakistan, including multiyear support, educating underprivileged children. Operational expenses of running the school efficiently with a principal, trained teachers, and admin staff is covered by the support, including the pick and drop of all female teachers to schools located, mainly, in difficult to access areas of the cities or villages.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth
Young adults

Where we work

Awards

Literacy Award 2017

UNESCO

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of schools built

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Children and youth

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Every year we try and establish more Primary and Secondary Schools to provide education for underprivileged children. Some schools are new build, others are an afternoon shift in an existing school.

Number of schools established in rural communities

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Children and youth

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

We build schools for underprivileged children in urban slums and rural area. Our goal is to increase our cumulative outreach to out of school children in both settings.

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

TCF seeks to make the children of Pakistan into upstanding citizens who are agents of positive change. The TCF model works to remove barriers of class and privilege by providing access to quality education to vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Our goal is to eventually deliver our services to 2.5 million children.

In 2018 was operating 1,482 school units and had 220,000 children enrolled. This grew to 1,687 schools and 271,804 students in 2021. Our main contribution in the past few years was the application of our management model to 310 of the schools we adopted from the dysfunctional public schooling systems available to the poor.

To scale our impact beyond TCF's school network, TCF established a “Strategic Development Unit" in 2013 as an incubator for new ideas that could exponentially scale up TCF learnings in low cost formal schooling in the public and private sectors.

This Unit is currently conducting pilot programs; one of the first avenues being explored is to create a quality improvement program by adapting TCF education materials to help other formal low cost education providers improve learning outcomes. This product would include options like TCF conducting trainings and monitoring and evaluation services of the low cost schools, and also including its self-developed textbooks and lessons plans. Other potential areas for exploration include:

1. Using alternative distribution methods of education for TCF learning materials through mass communication like radio or TV to increase penetration in difficult to reach rural or tribal areas

2. Conducting Qualitative Research on National Educational Trends – in order to advocate for policy level change, TCF envisions conducting primary research on national educational trends.

3. Teacher Training – leveraging TCF's extensive experience of teacher training and capacity building of school heads, in order to regularly provide training services for other low cost private schools especially in rural areas.

4. E-Learning subject testing system – TCF has developed a digitized teacher training modules for new teachers to teach and test concept knowledge, is currently conducting a pilot in one district. In the coming years, TCF plans to scale up to all teachers and eventually all students, and explore levering this beyond the TCF network to low cost education providers.

5. Publishing TCF developed textbooks in Social Studies and Mathematics in the local market to impact a larger audience

Additionally, TCF is engaging with the public sector for management of government schools through public-private partnerships, provided that TCF is given complete management control over human resources at public schools.

TCF's creates change through:
1. Scale & Efficiency. Innovations implemented over 25 years have resulted in the largest network of formal private schools for underprivileged children in the world; currently operating 1,687 school units. TCF constructs purpose built campuses designed on the same principles & easily replicable in communities across the country. In addition to spacious classrooms, all TCF schools include toilets, drinking water, an art room/library & ample open space for extracurricular activities. The Sindh Govt. schools average $230 annual cost per child, which is nearly double that of TCF, yet TCF outperforms the public sector, serving the same constituency, but providing better facilities & education at a lower cost.

2. Quality & Governance. The quality of education imparted by TCF is exemplary, consistently surpasses national academic averages. TCF students have achieved a 99% Matriculation (grade 10) pass rate in 2019-20 & 90% of graduates continued on to higher education as compared to national averages of 57% & 40% respectively. TCF students have broken barriers of class & privilege, enrolling in the country's leading colleges for business, medicine, engineering & other fields. TCF"s strong control system ensures quality of service delivery through oversight by field education & operations teams, supported by education & operations staff at the head office. A TCF Quality Assurance Unit audits school quality & reports directly to the CEO. TCF has pioneered self-developed bilingual learning materials, & ensures over 100 hours of training for all teachers.

3. Access to Education
a. Location. TCF schools are located in the heart of low income neighborhoods so children can walk to school & be secure within the boundary walls. This help enroll more girls.
b. Enrollment of Girls. The TCF student body is nearly 50% girls, as compared to the national average of 43% (National Education Census of Pakistan 2005). The high enrollment of girls is due to TCF's policy of having an all female faculty. Free door to door transport facility is provided for teachers to prevent absenteeism & as an incentive for qualified women to join the workforce. The full female environment allows for access to basic education for girls, as cultural constraints (isolating women from association with men) prevent parents from enrolling girls in public & private schools which have male teachers.
c. Affordability. TCF schools are very affordable. Empirical evidence shows that high fees make parents compromise on the number of children sent to school, often sending only the sons. TCF subsidizes the cost of education through donations, therefore the fee is imminently affordable at $ 2.90 for primary & $ 3.90 for secondary schools. In case parents cannot afford even the nominal fee, additional scholarships are available, with some paying as little as $ 0.10 & getting free books & uniforms. No child is refused admission for lack of affordability.

Quality & Scale. Key to TCF's social impact is the quality of education imparted to the students. In contrast to the notion of poor schools for poor children, TCF believes in providing world class education in economically disadvantaged communities, subsidizing costs through donations. TCF's scale of operations with 1,687 formal schools & 271,804 students is the largest in the world, & is the most relevant working model that can be replicated by Pakistan's public sector.
Achieving Learning Outcomes. A 2010 study assessed children from Pakistani government schools as being illiterate & innumerate. The challenges in achieving good learning outcomes include use of rote learning, lack of qualified teachers & good quality textbooks. TCF has extensive experience in hiring, training, & managing a large & growing pool of teachers in difficult geographies & low income communities. TCF places a strong emphasis on teacher/principal training & development of the curriculum. Technical experts provide teachers an extensive support system. TCF uses the national language Urdu as a medium of instruction to have learning materials relevant to children from slums & villages. Due to a lack of good quality books in Urdu, TCF has developed its own learning material catering to the needs of its students. TCF's teacher training & textbook development program fosters critical thinking in science, social studies & math.
Entrepreneurial approach to Innovation. TCF's innovations include an all-female faculty, faculty door to door transport, schools within walking distance, self-constructed schools, language of instruction in the mother tongue. The model has been adapted to the local needs & has surpassed enrollment expectations in a country with one of the highest out of school children in the world.
Construction - operating in marginalized neighborhoods in a developing country means a lack of infrastructure & basic amenities (roads, water, electricity), & lack of security. TCF has conquered all these challenges, building schools in challenging geographies and circumstances. TCF arranges security for construction teams, & brings in contractors & materials from the nearest city for remote rural and tribal areas. TCF engages with the community prior to entering a new location.
Partnerships - To leverage the infrastructure, TCF allows strategic partners to utilize the school buildings for projects that benefit the community. These include an adult literacy program with the Literate Pakistan Foundation (over 60,000 learners since inception), & a clean drinking water program in alliance with various technology providers. TCF has placed its graduates in The Hunar Foundation's vocational training programs. TCF also has partnerships with health specialists to set up eye clinics at various TCF schools providing free services to the students & nearby communities.

Evidence of Current Impact
DIRECT (on beneficiaries and clients)
1. 204,000 students enrolled in 2017, has grown to 271,804 students in 2021
2. 12,00 female teachers & principals employed in 2017, has grown to 12,926 in 2021
3. 19,165 employees (employment provided) in 2021 (including faculty)
4. 5500+ scholarships given to TCF alumni for higher education since inception of program
5. 150,000 community women enrolled in adult literacy classes since inception of program in 2004
6. 44,188 grade 8 students mentored by “big brother big sister" type program since inception of program in 2008
7. 14,000+ primary students participated in summer camps specializing in English or Science since inception of program in 2008
8. 61,500+ graduating students participated in career counselling sessions since inception of program in 2012
9. 35,000 students and community members benefit daily from 29 clean drinking water plants at TCF schools.
10. 172 TCF graduates received vocational training through TCF placements program
INDIRECT impact(on other stakeholders)
1.195,000 households impacted positively by having an educated family member

Financials

The Citizens Foundation USA
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Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

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The Citizens Foundation USA

Board of directors
as of 10/7/2021
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board chair

Mr. Arif Gafur

Faraz (Farri) Khan

Gonzaba Medical Group, San Antonio, TX

Amjad Noorani

Haji Mody

Mody Aerospace

Arif Gafur

TCF-USA

Jawaid Ekram

Uhuru Software

Abdullah Jafari

Azhar Hameed

Glassworker LLC

Ejaz Shameem

Sargent & Lundy

Shimmi Kidwai

Kashmala Sharif

Adil Najam

Boston University

Masooma Bhaiwala

Intel Corporation

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Not applicable
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 06/12/2021

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? GuideStar partnered on this section with CHANGE Philanthropy and Equity in the Center.

Leadership

The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Decline to state
Sexual orientation
Decline to state
Disability status
Decline to state

The organization's co-leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Decline to state
Sexual orientation
Decline to state
Disability status
Decline to state

Race & ethnicity

No data

Gender identity

No data

 

No data

Sexual orientation

No data

Disability

No data