National Society To Prevent Blindness - North Carolina Affiliate, Inc.

Our vision is vision

aka Prevent Blindness North Carolina   |   RALEIGH, NC   |

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To prevent blindness and preserve sight through direct services and programs, education and advocacy.

Ruling year info


President & CEO

Mr. Edwin Jeffords Jr.

Main address

4011 WESTCHASE BLVD Suite 180


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NTEE code info

Eye (H41)

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Undiagnosed or uncorrected visual disorders in children can lead to developmental, academic, and social challenges, and in some cases permanent vision loss, which has lifelong implications. Vision loss in adults is associated with increased risk of falls and injuries, social isolation, depression, and other psychological problems and can amplify the adverse effects of other chronic illnesses, increasing the risk for all-cause and injury-related mortality. While eye conditions impact 10% of NC preschoolers, prevalence rises to 25% or approximately 500,000 NC school-age children. Diabetes – the leading cause of new blindness among adults aged 20 to 74 -impacts an estimated 750,000 (1 in 10) diagnosed and 280,000 suspected diabetic adults in NC. Rates are expected to triple by 2050. Without preventive programs, the economic burden of vision loss and eye disorders will continue to grow as we battle increasing healthcare costs and serve the largest aging population to date.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Preschool Vision Screening Program

We deploy our team of screeners across the state of North Carolina to screen children ages 2-5 for possible vision problems that are generally correctable at this age. Those children whose test results trigger a referral, are referred to qualified medical professionals to provide a full eye exam. We partner with doctors, and several eyewear providers to also offer vouchers for the exams, and/or glasses for those that cannot afford them.

Population(s) Served
Infants and toddlers

This program trains and certifies, every two years, approximately 6,000 school nurses, staff, and/or volunteers, in all 100 counties of North Carolina, in proper vision screening techniques and best practices for school-aged children. These certified screeners can then provide valuable sight-saving vision screenings within their own school populations in their areas of the state. Each year, through the efforts of this certification and training, approximately 450,000 children are screened properly for vision anomalies, and referred to doctors when necessary.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Where we work

Affiliations & memberships

Prevent Blindness State Affiliate 1967

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of people trained

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Work status and occupations

Related Program

Vision screening training and certification program

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Total number of screenings held

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Age groups

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Context Notes

This represents the total number of people screened through PBNC programs annually.

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

The mission of Prevent Blindness North Carolina is to reach people before blindness strikes by working within communities to provide screenings, trainings, and access to follow-up resources. Prevent Blindness North Carolina (PBNC) is the only NC agency dedicated solely to saving sight and preventing blindness. Organized in 1967 as a non-profit health agency and independent affiliate of Prevent Blindness America (founded 1908), PBNC has been serving some of the neediest and most at-risk populations of the state of North Carolina for over fifty years. PBNC programs promote healthy vision by honoring the importance of professional vision care and emphasizing the critical public health role that vision screening plays in that continuum of care.

PBNC’s goal is to increase the number of people accessing and receiving the right care for their vision needs in North Carolina. PBNC’s statewide vision training and screening programs enable thousands of volunteers and primary care providers to detect potentially blinding eye diseases and refer individuals for professional treatment early, when it is most effective. PBNC works with partners across the state to ensure continuums of care exist so that clients are educated from any point of entry and have access to quality eye care. Utilizing data to drive program design is key for our future and improving our mission delivery.

Serving all 100 NC counties and providing direct services to over 550,000 North Carolinians annually, PBNC programs provide the latest in best practice screening standards while closing the “prevention loop” through donated eye care service. PBNC has four primary direct service programs:

1. Preschool Screening: Assist low-income preschool programs in meeting requirements through direct service vision screenings utilizing state of the art photo-refractive screening technology;

2. School Based Vision Screening Training: Ensure public schools are able to conduct mass and individual screening using scientifically validated best practice standards by training and certifying school staff and volunteer vision screeners.

3. Adult Screening: Provide retinal screenings to adults through community health centers and free clinics. The program seeks to advance primary care vision health programs through vision screening, diabetic educator training, retinal screening, and connections to affordable follow-up eye care.

4. Vision Resources: Offer access to vision care through PBNC voucher programs for referred financially needy children and adults. Vouchers are provided to PBNC as in-kind donations for exams and/or glasses.

No other programs offer the full continuum of vision care services from certified vision screening to free eye exams and glasses in North Carolina. PBNC is unmatched in terms of quality control, efficiency, cost effectiveness and blindness prevention in children. With over 25 years of experience conducting vision screening training and direct service vision screenings, PBNC has refined programs to improve efficiency and cost effectiveness.

PBNC saves the state of North Carolina money, builds the capacity of state agencies and programs, partners will federal agencies, and serves as a national model. PBNC has succeeded in building a network of service rooted in strong partnerships, sound science, and access to affordable follow-up care. Since 1994, PBNC has supported state programs that do not have the infrastructure or expertise to meet existing vision screening recommendations. PBNC’s high quality, robust, and comprehensive vision screening programs:

• utilize best practice evidence based equipment and methods
• identify vision problems in early, treatable stages
• educate patients and families about vision problems
• provide extensive follow-up services,
• connect children and adults to free professional eye care and treatment when needed.
• utilize a hub approach. Part-time contract workers who reside in local areas conduct trainings and screenings in community-based settings.
• establish strong local, statewide, and national collaborative partners which help expand reach
• consult with physicians, Prevent Blindness America, the National Center for Children’s Vision and Eye Health, the School Nurse

Association of NC, NC Department of Public Instructions, NC DHHS and the Maternal and Child Health Bureau to identify, test and research cutting edge screening technologies.

PBNC follows board and staff development recommendations provided by Community Health Charities, complies with 990 guidelines and participates in an annual-standards review as an affiliate of Prevent Blindness America. It is governed by a statewide Board of Directors with 31 current members (maximum of 45) that provide sole fiduciary and program guidance. Board members include medical and academic experts that advise on scientifically evidence based programs, parent advocates, and community professionals offering other important proficiencies. PBNC makes every effort to continuously recruit members that are diverse in terms of age, gender, race, ethnicity, and NC geography.


• SAVED SIGHT with annual screenings for over 550,000 children at only $1.85 per child.

• PROVIDED ACCESS to over $175,000 in free eyecare. The cost to NC… $0.00.

• LEVERAGED over $942,663 in cash and in-kind contributions, boosting state funding by 91%.

• SAVED NC in skilled workforce labor by utilizing >6,000 certified volunteer screeners.

• GENERATED ADDITIONAL SAVINGS in deterred medical costs to NC. Costs of over-referral due to lack of training exceed total funding for PBNC children’s vision screening programs.

• COMBATTED adult diabetic eye disease at Federally Qualified Health Centers and Community Health Clinics through diabetic retinal screenings and connections to affordable follow-up eye care in 2,186 patients.


• DPH SCHOOL HEALTH UNIT: Promote DPH recommendation to mass screen school children and serve as the only statewide provider of vision screening certification training. Certified >3,400 school staff and volunteers who screened >494,000 students across all 100 counties in 17-18. Validated that 89% of children referred in a PBNC school screening research collaborative received corrective lenses.

• NC PREK, HEAD START, TITLE I PREK: Assist low-income state preschool programs and private childcare centers in meeting vision assessment requirements using quality state of the art photo-refractive screening technology. Served >33,000 preschoolers in 642 childcare centers across 38 counties in 17-18.

• EARLY CHILDHOOD VISION CARE PROGRAM (ECVC): Matches medically indigent children referred from screening to donated eye exams and glasses through three PBNC administered voucher programs. Free eye care for needy children referred from NC mandated Kindergarten vision screening mirrors services previously funded through $500,000 ECVC Program.

• DPI OFFICE OF EARLY LEARNING: Co-authored the NC Guiding Practices in Early Childhood Vision Screening and provided training for individuals conducting developmental vision screening in children birth to age 5.

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We demonstrated a willingness to learn more by reviewing resources about feedback practice.
done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To identify and remedy poor client service experiences, To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We collect feedback from the people we serve at least annually, We take steps to get feedback from marginalized or under-represented people, We aim to collect feedback from as many people we serve as possible, We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We look for patterns in feedback based on demographics (e.g., race, age, gender, etc.), We look for patterns in feedback based on people’s interactions with us (e.g., site, frequency of service, etc.), We engage the people who provide feedback in looking for ways we can improve in response, We act on the feedback we receive, We share the feedback we received with the people we serve, We tell the people who gave us feedback how we acted on their feedback, We ask the people who gave us feedback how well they think we responded

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    It is difficult to get the people we serve to respond to requests for feedback


National Society To Prevent Blindness - North Carolina Affiliate, Inc.

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The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.


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Connect with nonprofit leaders


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  • Analyze a variety of pre-calculated financial metrics
  • Access beautifully interactive analysis and comparison tools
  • Compare nonprofit financials to similar organizations

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National Society To Prevent Blindness - North Carolina Affiliate, Inc.

Board of directors
as of 03/26/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board chair

Mr. Tom Clinard

First Carolina Bank

Term: 2023 - 2024

Robin Shannon

Linda Douglas

Frances Blevins

Jeffrey Board, MD

Bonnie Bradley

Tom Clinard

Steve Corman

Sam Crisp

David Dunbar

Randy Fraser

Linda Herrman

Deborah Holland

Greg Johnson, MD

Tim Jordan, MD

Kevin Perry

Nan Robinson

Jeff Sampere

Melissa Shipley, MD

Walt Winiewicz

Bob Wright

Angela Hatton

Melanie Fraites, PhD

Dan Bennett, MD

Lakshmi Swamy, MD, PhD

Jana Askeland

Adam Buck Bennett, MD

Kathy Erickson

Joseph Vukin, MD

Nelson Dollar

Sara Grace, MD

Sterling Perkinson

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 2/2/2024

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Decline to state
Disability status
Decline to state

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation

No data


No data

Equity strategies

Last updated: 01/03/2024

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We review compensation data across the organization (and by staff levels) to identify disparities by race.
  • We ask team members to identify racial disparities in their programs and / or portfolios.
  • We analyze disaggregated data and root causes of race disparities that impact the organization's programs, portfolios, and the populations served.
  • We disaggregate data to adjust programming goals to keep pace with changing needs of the communities we support.
  • We employ non-traditional ways of gathering feedback on programs and trainings, which may include interviews, roundtables, and external reviews with/by community stakeholders.
  • We disaggregate data by demographics, including race, in every policy and program measured.
  • We have long-term strategic plans and measurable goals for creating a culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.
Policies and processes
  • We use a vetting process to identify vendors and partners that share our commitment to race equity.
  • We have a promotion process that anticipates and mitigates implicit and explicit biases about people of color serving in leadership positions.
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We have community representation at the board level, either on the board itself or through a community advisory board.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.
  • We measure and then disaggregate job satisfaction and retention data by race, function, level, and/or team.