SEARCH Group, Incorporated

aka SEARCH, The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics   |   Sacramento, CA   |  www.search.org

Mission

SEARCH is dedicated to improving the quality of justice and public safety through the use, management and exchange of information; application of new technologies; and responsible law and policy, while safeguarding security and privacy.

Ruling year info

1974

Executive Director

Mr. David James Roberts

Main address

1900 Point West Way Suite 161

Sacramento, CA 95815 USA

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EIN

94-2247019

NTEE code info

Management & Technical Assistance (M02)

Management & Technical Assistance (U02)

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Since its inception in 1969 with a $600,000 discretionary grant from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) to a six-state consortium (Arizona, California, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, and New York) to test the feasibility of storing, retrieving and exchanging criminal history record information, SEARCH has played a critical and enduring role in designing, developing, and managing criminal history record information systems and information sharing capabilities throughout the nation. The criminal history record, a biometrically-based longitudinal history created by harvesting information from operational records and case management systems of justice agencies, is the most significant and consequential information at virtually every decision point throughout the whole of the justice enterprise.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Information Sharing and Public Safety Programs

SEARCH's Information Sharing Initiatives assist state, local and tribal justice and public safety to develop, operate, secure and improve information sharing and identification systems. We provide this assistance through products and services in the areas of interoperability and systems and technology procurement and implementation.
Technology provides challenges for police, fire, and EMS agencies across the country. SEARCH has worked for many years on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice and others to prepare public safety agencies for successful technology projects through training and focused technical assistance. Computer-aided dispatch, records management systems, mobile computers, and interoperable communications systems are just a few of the types of projects SEARCH has helped agencies successfully complete.

Population(s) Served
Adults

SEARCH's Law and Policy Program improves public safety by helping develop responsible justice information management laws, policies and procedures. This is accomplished through research and projects that examine emerging trends and issues that have the potential to impact the collection, maintenance and exchange of justice information.

Population(s) Served
Adults

SEARCH offers training courses designed to teach high-tech investigators the skills they need to stay ahead of criminals in the fight against crime.

Population(s) Served
Adults

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of new grants received

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Context - describing the issue we work on

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

SEARCH received four grants to support our work in our three areas of service: Information Sharing and Public Safety Programs, Criminal History Policy and IT Security.

Number of industry standards/practices developed by nonprofit

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Emergency responders

Related Program

IT Security

Type of Metric

Other - describing something else

Direction of Success

Increasing

Number of participants attending course/session/workshop

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Emergency responders

Related Program

IT Security

Type of Metric

Other - describing something else

Direction of Success

Increasing

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Briefly, the goals of SEARCH are to:
1. Improve the administration of justice through the effective application of information and identification technologies;
2. Promote constitutionally balanced and effective law and policy for justice information systems, technology and policies; and
3. Improve the efficiency, effectiveness and quality of decision making and information management through policy leadership and advocacy, and technical assistance, training and support for local, state and federal justice agencies and legislative bodies.

In order to accomplish the broad goals outlined above, SEARCH has formulated a comprehensive and multifaceted program of research, policy advocacy, technical assistance, training, systems development, communication and information dissemination. Following is a brief description of the primary approach SEARCH takes to address the goals previously outlined:

1. Provide technical assistance, training, education, conferences, workshops, on-line information, publications and symposia to local, state and federal justice agencies regarding justice information management and technology, and its application to contemporary issues in justice;

2. Conduct research regarding crime and criminality, the operation of the justice system, the efficiency and effectiveness of justice information management and technology, and the legal and policy implications of contemporary information technology practices;

3. Develop standards and best practices associated with justice information and identification technology, policy, operations, and systems development;

4. Provide evaluations and evaluative criteria and methodologies for systems, technologies and policies; and

5. Design and test tools for the creation, evaluation, operation and use of information systems, technologies and policy.

SEARCH has played a critical and enduring leadership role in building and supporting criminal history record information (CHRI) systems and information sharing capabilities throughout the nation. SEARCH has tackled this mission through partnerships with the U.S. Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, State agencies, and allied organizations.

Repositories and Systems: SEARCH modeled and helped develop the first state criminal history records repositories. As fingerprint technology became automated, SEARCH helped guide and develop standards for Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) and live-scan devices, and worked with agencies to plan and implement their Computerized Criminal History (CCH) and AFIS systems.
Recognizing the fundamental and interrelated nature of justice information sharing, early SEARCH efforts built standards and recommended systems not just for criminal history records repositories, but also Comprehensive Data Systems (CDS in 1972), Offender-Based Transaction Statistics (OBTS in 1972), Offender-Based State Corrections Information System (OBSCIS in 1976), and Crime Classifications Using Attribute-Based Crime Reporting (ABCR in 1976). In 1980, the FBI implemented the Interstate Identification Index (III), based on the SEARCH model for a decentralized, automated exchange of criminal history records.

National Leadership: SEARCH Members played a crucial role in developing the National Crime Prevention and Privacy Compact, which governs noncriminal justice use of the III, and have provided enduring leadership on the Compact Council since its creation. SEARCH has played critical roles in creating and supporting the III, the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) 2000, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). CCH is built from the operational records and case management systems of justice agencies at state and local levels, and SEARCH has played a leadership role in developing national standards, technical architectures, and operational best practices to plan and implement integrated justice information systems.

Expanding Noncriminal Justice Demand: SEARCH has played a fundamental role in crafting legislation, developing regulations and policies and auditing and data quality improvement strategies, and advocating on behalf of State Criminal History Records Repositories as technology evolved and public demand for access to criminal history records expanded. Over the past two decades we have witnessed massive growth in demand for CHRI for noncriminal justice purposes, including licensing, employment, volunteer screening for those who serve vulnerable populations, and for firearms transactions.

Given SEARCH’s history as an organization that was originally founded to facilitate the exchange of criminal history record information (CHRI) between the States, we are uniquely positioned to conduct surveys on important CHRI issues. SEARCH has conducted surveys on issues that impact how justice information is collected, maintained, and used—and has done so at the request of the Department of Justice, the States, partner organizations, and our Members. Surveys are often conducted of the State central repositories of criminal history information, and sometimes of our own Membership Group—and other surveys have been conducted of the public.

Since 1989, SEARCH has conducted a biennial national survey of state criminal history information systems, then collates and analyzes the results.

The resulting report provides law- and policymakers, administrators, managers, academia, research institutions, and other agencies and individuals with the most comprehensive data available on record quantity and completeness, and on procedures used by repositories to collect information and maintain record quality.

Recipients of the survey typically include U.S. Senators and members of the U.S. House of Representatives, state governors, state attorneys general, law schools and their libraries, public libraries, and public and private security entities—and this report is believed to be the most cited document produced by SEARCH.

Additionally, SEARCH has a long-standing national program of providing mission-critical training and technical assistance to law enforcement, including Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Task Force members.

Since the mid-1980s, when we first created the National Criminal Justice Computer Laboratory and Training Center, we have trained thousands of investigators. One of our first courses was called Data Processing for Law Enforcement Managers. It presented course content that was critical to investigators who were just beginning to use computers, and also was one of the few ‘high-tech’ courses then available to law enforcement.

As technology reaches into nearly all areas of our lives, law enforcement officers are challenged to maintain the skills and tools needed to conduct thorough investigations. Breaks in a case often come only at the expense of perpetrators who make mistakes. But investigators who are unfamiliar with digital evidence can overlook even these kinds of breaks. That is why we are committed to developing and offering courses that help to digitally empower today’s law enforcement community.

Financials

SEARCH Group, Incorporated
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Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

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SEARCH Group, Incorporated

Board of directors
as of 9/14/2021
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board chair

Leslie Moore

Kathryn Monfreda

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Jason Bright

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Mannone Butler

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Brad Cazort

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Timothy Chung

SEARCH Group, Inc.

David Flannigan

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Daniel Foro

SEARCH Group, Inc.

James Lynch

SEARCH Group, Inc

Leila McNeill

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Larry Newton

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Matt Ruel

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Lisa Voss

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Robert Wessels

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Christopher Young

SEARCH Group, Inc.

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 9/14/2021,

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? GuideStar partnered on this section with CHANGE Philanthropy and Equity in the Center.

Leadership

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Race & ethnicity

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Gender identity

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Sexual orientation

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Disability

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