Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Our Forests. Our Strength.

aka Dogwood Alliance   |   Asheville, NC   |
GuideStar Charity Check

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

EIN: 56-2139120


For over 20 years, Dogwood Alliance has worked with diverse communities, partner organizations and decision-makers to protect Southern forests across 14 states. We do this through community and grassroots organizing, holding corporations and governments accountable and working to conserve millions of acres of Southern forests.

Ruling year info


Principal Officer

Ms. Danna Smith

Main address

PO Box 7645

Asheville, NC 28802 USA

Show more contact info



Subject area info


Forest preservation

Population served info


NTEE code info

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (C01)

Forest Conservation (C36)

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Paper production currently is the single largest threat to Southern forests. When forests are destroyed or converted to monoculture (pine plantations) for large-scale, short-term paper production, all of the forest benefits disappear, and both the forest and the surrounding communities are greatly harmed. The same is true when forests are harvested to burn for bioenergy, another serious threat. As a result of activities like these, many areas of the South are now home to endangered forests. The families who live in communities near wood pellet facilities face poorer health outcomes from increased pollution, they are more likely to live below the federal poverty line, despite being promised well-paying jobs from new industry. Wood pellet producing corporations receive huge tax breaks, but place an outsize burden on road infrastructure, bring few well-paying jobs, then regularly violate the restrictions on the amount of pollutants they are permitted to release into the atmosphere.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Forests & Climate Program

The Paris Climate Agreement gave the world a charge: decarbonize all energy sectors and simultaneously remove carbon dioxide from the air. The best and most cost-effective technology we have to remove carbon from our atmosphere right now lies in the power of forests. Standing forests are the natural life support that we need to mitigate the worst impacts of climate change and protect those most profoundly impacted, often low income communities and people of color. Logging in the US releases large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere while simultaneously degrading the nation's forest ability to provide critical climate benefits.

Dogwood Alliance has continued to be a national leader, working at the intersection of forests, climate and justice. In 2021, our influence grew through the release of the Southern Communities for a Green New Deal platform with over 300 signatory organizations. This platform elevates wood production/logging as a top tier climate justice issue.

Population(s) Served

In 2021 we expanded our focus work to protect wetland forests through the Wetland Forest Initiative into a more inclusive and strategic approach of expanding wetland conservation, community organizing and environmental justice throughout the US South. We continue to work to protect wetland forests in the US South that span nearly 35 million acres across 14 states and are critical for community health and safety.

In addition to the Wetland Forests Initiative our community conservation model is advancing forest conservation through the lens of environmental justice. Working in partnership with impacted communities in climate vulnerable locations, our work uses social and economic indicators, not just environmental, to define the conservation priorities. Our goal is to advance a non-extractive, regenerative economy that is based on ecological restoration, community protection, equitable partnerships, and justice.

Population(s) Served

Policy makers in Europe and the US are promoting the burning of wood as a renewable climate friendly coal alternative for electricity generation under the guise of renewable energy even though the science documents that burning wood releases more carbon than coal per unit of electricity generated and further degrades forests.
Over the past several years, the forests of the Southern US have been the target of this growing global market. In response, in 2013 Dogwood Alliance, launched the OFAF campaign educating and activating citizens, policy makers and industry on both sides of the Atlantic to stop the further expansion of this industry. The OFAF campaign continued to leverage significant results in 2021. Despite the backdrop of an ongoing global pandemic and economic instability, state, national and international concern about industrial biomass grew significantly, as communities and government officials publicly challenged the industry's "renewable" and"sustainable" claims.

Population(s) Served

Where we work

Affiliations & memberships

Living Wage Employer with Just Economics 2019

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of media articles reflecting preferred issue framing

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Context Notes

This metric reports on media stories about any of our programs or our work in general rather than one program in particular. These are part of our larger goal of educating the public and policy makers

Number of national media pieces on the topic

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Context Notes

This metric reports on national and/or international media stories about any of our programs or our work in general rather than one program in particular, to educate the public about forest protection

Number of list subscribers

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Number of new advocates recruited

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

The Dogwood Alliance is committed to protecting Southern forests from becoming another unsustainable energy resource. Dogwood Alliance has launched a major new campaign, Our Forests Aren't Fuel, supporting alternative and competitive energy sources like solar and wind while pressuring companies who stand to gain from this practice to put a stop to it. We're educating and activating citizens, policy makers and industry on both sides of the Atlantic to the dangers of this false energy solution.

Dogwood Alliance mobilizes diverse voices to protect the unique forests and communities of the Southern US from destructive industrial logging through grassroots action, holding corporate and government decision-makers accountable, catalyzing large-scale conservation and advancing a 21st century vision that fully values forests for the myriad ways in which they sustain life. Having transformed the practices of some of the largest corporations in the world, Dogwood is on the leading edge of international, national and regional efforts to advance environmental and social justice through forest protection in the US South.

We have a dedicated and talented staff with a wide range of skills, all focused on our mission. Protect Southern Forests. We all play different roles, have different strengths, support and encourage each other. We also have an excellent board and many community partners committed to our mission. We have staff focused on engaging with groups who oppose false biomass energy solutions to influence European policy makers, staff engaged with communities in South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi and North Carolina who work to amplify their voices and stand with them in opposition to when the biomass industry plans to expand their polluting and damaging factories.

We have transformed the practices of some of the largest consumers of paper in the world including Staples, Office Depot, OfficeMax, FedEx Office, United Stationers, Unisource, Johnson & Johnson, GlaxoSmithKline, Universal Music Group, Sony Home Entertainment, and, most recently, McDonald"s and KFC/YUM!Brands. We have convinced three of the top five paper producers (Domtar, Georgia-Pacific and Resolute) in the world"s largest paper producing region to change the way they do business in the woods, increasing protection for over 90 million acres of Southern forests. In 2007, working in partnership with Staples, we initiated the Carbon Canopy Project, an innovative collaborative of large consumers and producers of paper, forest landowners and conservation organizations working to expand forest conservation and FSC certification on private forestlands in the Southern US. In 2009, our work began to expand beyond addressing the impacts of paper production to address a new potential major threat — the burning of wood to produce energy as a replacement to fossil fuels.

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We demonstrated a willingness to learn more by reviewing resources about feedback practice.
done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We act on the feedback we receive

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    It is difficult to get the people we serve to respond to requests for feedback, Staff find it hard to prioritize feedback collection and review due to lack of time, It is hard to come up with good questions to ask people, It is difficult to identify actionable feedback


Dogwood Alliance, Inc.
Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 18.55 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 12.6 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 18% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of Dogwood Alliance, Inc.’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $124,214 $254,533 $357,353 $948,581 $376,848
As % of expenses 7.1% 14.1% 19.4% 44.3% 14.1%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $120,112 $249,587 $352,407 $946,430 $376,848
As % of expenses 6.9% 13.8% 19.1% 44.2% 14.1%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $2,015,881 $2,163,920 $2,523,565 $2,991,809 $2,653,922
Total revenue, % change over prior year 0.8% 7.3% 16.6% 18.6% -11.3%
Program services revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 1.1% 1.5% 0.7% 0.3% 0.7%
Government grants 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 6.9% 0.0%
All other grants and contributions 98.9% 98.5% 99.3% 92.8% 99.3%
Other revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $1,744,280 $1,809,762 $1,841,305 $2,141,162 $2,664,572
Total expenses, % change over prior year 13.0% 3.8% 1.7% 16.3% 24.4%
Personnel 63.1% 65.2% 63.6% 64.6% 64.1%
Professional fees 7.8% 6.9% 9.3% 9.2% 11.1%
Occupancy 4.3% 4.3% 4.0% 3.5% 1.6%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 2.8% 4.0% 7.7% 9.1% 7.2%
All other expenses 22.1% 19.6% 15.4% 13.5% 16.1%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $1,748,382 $1,814,708 $1,846,251 $2,143,313 $2,664,572
One month of savings $145,357 $150,814 $153,442 $178,430 $222,048
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $207,835 $0
Fixed asset additions $4,924 $5,119 $0 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $1,898,663 $1,970,641 $1,999,693 $2,529,578 $2,886,620

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 11.0 12.5 18.7 18.5 15.0
Months of cash and investments 11.0 12.5 18.7 18.5 15.0
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 8.0 9.4 11.5 15.2 13.9
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $1,595,230 $1,892,549 $2,869,350 $3,307,709 $3,340,955
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $1,177,268 $1,195,504 $1,165,885 $1,355,205 $1,353,040
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $38,704 $43,823 $43,823 $43,823 $43,823
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 82.1% 83.8% 95.1% 100.0% 100.0%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 3.5% 2.2% 8.0% 2.1% 2.8%
Unrestricted net assets $1,167,806 $1,417,393 $1,769,800 $2,716,230 $3,093,078
Temporarily restricted net assets $1,528,590 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $1,528,590 $1,628,215 $1,953,122 $1,855,188 $1,467,690
Total net assets $2,696,396 $3,045,608 $3,722,922 $4,571,418 $4,560,768

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Principal Officer

Ms. Danna Smith

Founder and Executive Director of Dogwood Alliance, an award-winning nonprofit mobilizing diverse voices to protect the forests and communities of the Southern US South from destructive industrial logging. For 20 years, she has been at the forefront of the global forest protection movement, working at the local, regional, national and international level. Connecting the dots between social, economic and climate justice and industrial logging, Danna is a leading voice challenging the status quo and pushing for forest protection in the US at a scale necessary to meet the sustainability challenges of the 21st Century. Prior to founding Dogwood Alliance Danna worked for Greenpeace as a campaigner.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.

Dogwood Alliance, Inc.

Board of directors
as of 11/16/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Mr Joseph Jackson

EcoGrounds Management Systems

Term: 2021 - 2024

Morgan Hash

Elise Nabors

Lynne Young

Judy Kinney

Thomas RaShad Easley

Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Sami Grover

The Change Creation

Leo Woodberry

New Alpha Development Corp.

Florence Anoruo

South Carolina State University

Jacob Blass

Ethical Advocate

Abigail Rome

Loretta Slater

The Whitney M. Slater Foundation

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 11/14/2023

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Female, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or Straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation


Equity strategies

Last updated: 11/14/2023

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We employ non-traditional ways of gathering feedback on programs and trainings, which may include interviews, roundtables, and external reviews with/by community stakeholders.
  • We have long-term strategic plans and measurable goals for creating a culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.
Policies and processes
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We have community representation at the board level, either on the board itself or through a community advisory board.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.
  • We engage everyone, from the board to staff levels of the organization, in race equity work and ensure that individuals understand their roles in creating culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.
There are no contractors recorded for this organization.

Professional fundraisers

Fiscal year ending

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 Schedule G

Solicitation activities
Gross receipts from fundraising
Retained by organization
Paid to fundraiser