aka Cast   |   Los Angeles, CA   |

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GuideStar Charity Check


EIN: 10-0008533


Cast's mission is ending human trafficking through education, advocacy and empowering survivors.

Ruling year info



Kay Buck

Main address

3580 Wilshire Blvd. #900-37

Los Angeles, CA 90010 USA

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Subject area info

Information and communications

Public safety

Freedom from slavery

Social rights

Justice rights

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Population served info

People of African descent

People of Latin American descent

At-risk youth

Victims and oppressed people

Domestic workers

NTEE code info

Victims' Services (P62)

Ethnic/Immigrant Services (P84)

Civil Rights, Advocacy for Specific Groups (R20)

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Modern-day slavery is the hidden horror of Los Angeles. According to the Center for Public Policy Studies, there are as many as 10,000 women, men, and children across the city held against their will, forced into sex, work, or both through physical, psychological, or economic coercion. The trauma is unimaginable to those who have not experienced it—trafficking saps already vulnerable people of their most basic forms of independence and control over their own lives. Even if a trafficked person is freed, he or she will bear the scars of the experience for a lifetime, and will require countless hours of caring, support, and empowerment to begin to become whole again. Trafficking is everywhere in our lives, often hiding in plain sight or just out of view. Victims of labor trafficking wash dishes at our favorite restaurants, pick the tomatoes we savor, and stitch that cute new top by hand, all for little or no pay. We may have no idea that there are victims of sex trafficking at the truck

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Social Services

Clients come to CAST in a variety of ways, including community- and faith-based organizations (CBOs/FBOs), law enforcement agencies (LEAs), Good Samaritans, and self referrals. Upon intake, the CAST staff assesses for emergency needs, such as housing, clothing, food, and safety, followed by a comprehensive assessment and legal interview that also address safety.  Attorneys then evaluate the legal needs and provide each client with the necessary education and information to make an informed choice about how to proceed with their case.
Combined social, shelter, and legal services are what continue to set CAST apart. To date, we remain the only organization in the country that offers all three branches of services in-house.  We know that victims cannot become survivors without all three—a social service advocate to ensure access to benefits and services and to provide supportive counseling, validation, and normalization; a shelter or housing program to ensure basic necessities are provided; and finally, critical legal services that assist victims in navigating complex criminal, civil, immigration, and other legal proceedings that ultimately deliver the person to full status and work authorization.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

CAST attorneys empower survivors to assert their legal rights and choose appropriate remedies to rebuild their lives. The legal services program works collaboratively with survivors, community-based organizations, public-interest attorneys and numerous government agencies to ensure survivors of human trafficking are provided culturally-sensitive, victim-centered legal representation.

Along with its in-house legal team, CAST's pro bono attorneys dedicate their time and talent assisting with immigration advocacy, criminal victim-witness advocacy, civil litigation, family law and cutting edge policy initiatives.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

CAST’s shelters provide physically and psychologically safe housing for trafficking survivors. Through a host of supportive programs and services, they are designed to provide emergency response, and to then help clients establish independence and self-sufficiency, to build community and to expand their own supportive networks.

The shelters offer 12+ months of transitional housing, case management, a financial savings program, social and cultural activities, group therapy, supportive counseling and more. Shelter residents are also taught skills in conflict resolution, job training, independent living and financial planning. The shelter is also home to an outdoor sanctuary filled with fruit trees and a garden where residents can plant herbs and spices to use in their cooking and provide a taste of home. Admission is based on safety, current needs and the availability.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

CAST recognizes the specialized needs of minor and transition age youth (TAY) survivors of human trafficking and developed specific youth-focused programming. Youth services include monthly group activities focused on empowerment, positive experiences and education; comprehensive case management with interventions geared towards youth; and individual assistance navigating various systems, including the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services and Probation Department, when necessary. In addition, the program offers internships for Transition-Aged Youth (TAY), which seek to build job skills and professional development through direct work experience and mentorship.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

CAST’s work is directly informed by the real experiences of the clients it serves. The survivor leadership programs, Survivor Advisory Caucus (launched in 2003) and National Survivor Network (launched in 2011), bring together a community of survivors of human trafficking for peer-to-peer mentorship and survivor-led advocacy. Their voices on policy and public awareness have led to the development of stronger protections for victims in both California and federal anti-trafficking laws. By connecting survivors across the country, CAST supports and encourages survivors to realize their own leadership qualities and to value their insight, not just as survivors, but as experts in the field.

The accomplishments of the members of the Caucus and NSN, both individually and collectively, over the past year are tremendous. In 2016, nine members were appointed by President Obama to the newly established U.S. Advisory Council on Human Trafficking. The 11-member council advises the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (PITF) and offers survivor-centered policy recommendations to both the White House and U.S. Congress on federal efforts to combat and prevent human trafficking.

Members also participated in policy advocacy efforts at the federal, state and local levels, including: Congressional hearings on the long-term impact of criminalization of human trafficking survivors, state Senate hearings on behalf of CAST-sponsored criminal justice reform legislation and government oversight board meetings on lost income compensation. In addition, CAST's staff and survivor leaders were invited by the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) to develop the "Survivor Professional Development Training Curriculum," which aims to strengthen the impact survivor advocates across the country can have in the anti-trafficking movement.

Equally impressive is the group's media advocacy. Members have shared their unique experiences, impressive accomplishments and remarkable expertise through opinion editorials for CNN, expert commentary on MSNBC and featured profiles by the BBC.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

CAST’s Comprehensive Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) program is designed to provide expertise and training for service advocates on the full spectrum of legal remedies available to human trafficking victims through individualized technical assistance, in-person training and regular working group calls. CAST TTA is now offering free support to attorneys and social service providers assisting trafficking survivors with legal needs in the following areas of law: immigration, criminal re-entry, reporting to law enforcement, ethics, criminal victim witness advocacy, program support, referrals, civil and more.

Through this program, CAST's TTA team established a toll-free hotline and dedicated email to respond to breaking requests for technical assistance from both legal and social service providers. For case specific questions or individualized technical assistance for attorneys and social service providers, contact TTA (email preferred) weekdays between 9 AM – 5 PM PST. Please allow for 48 hours turn-around time.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people

Where we work


Community Partnership Award - National Winner 2019

Mutual of America Foundation

Presidential Award for Extraordinary Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons 2014

Office of the President of the United States

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of human trafficking survivors and family members served

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Victims and oppressed people

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

Number of human trafficking survivors and their family members who received services from Cast, including hotline support, emergency support, case management, referrals, legal services and shelter.

Percent (%) of Cast program graduates with safe housing

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Social Services

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

Percent of survivors of human trafficking who were in safe housing when they graduated from Cast's case management program this year. Cast social workers support survivors to access housing etc.

Percent (%) of successful T-visa applications for survivors of human trafficking

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Legal Services

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

A T visa is a type of visa allowing certain victims of human trafficking and immediate family members to remain and work temporarily in the United States. Cast attorneys work with survivors to apply.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Cast's mission is ending human trafficking through education, advocacy and empowering survivors.

Recognizing that the damage trafficking does is multifaceted and enduring, Cast offers a comprehensive continuum of care, including social and medical services (case management; 24-hour emergency response; the nation's first shelter exclusively for trafficking victims; safety planning; mental and legal health services; vision and dental care; family reunification; life skills, education and leadership training; and job preparedness) as well as legal services (full service support with victim identification/certification; criminal witness advocacy; immigration assistance; family law; educational advocacy; assistance applying for T-visas and accessing housing and public benefits that remove barriers to employment and self-sufficiency). What is unique about Cast, though, is how these social, medical, and legal services funnel into a leadership and advocacy model that empowers survivors to shape public policy and public dialogue, and to become powerful voices at the forefront of the anti-trafficking movement.

As the oldest and largest anti-slavery organization in Los Angeles County, Cast is well-positioned to accomplish its mission.
We have a well-trained, vibrant staff that can meet the needs of the population we serve. Every social worker on the CAST staff speaks at least two languages, and we have staff who are fluent in Spanish and other languages. In the event that we identify a victim who does not speak one of these languages, we partner with an agency that serves the relevant community and ask them to provide a certified translator as well as guidance on cultural norms. Even on our 24-hour hotline, Cast invested in a long-standing relationship with Tele-interpreters, which provides access to over 100 languages and dialects.
CAST meets the highest standards of transparency and accountability, including independent audits and program evaluation, documented board policies and minutes, and transparent human resources and compensation policies. The organization maintains sound financial and programmatic management. Cast has a 4-star Charity Navigator rating, driven by administrative expenses of less than 14%, fundraising expenses of only 12%, and a fundraising efficiency ratio of 10 cents spent for every dollar raised.

Founded in 1998 in response to the discovery of 72 Thai workers that had been kept for years in slavery and debt bondage in Los Angeles County, Cast has been at the forefront of the issue in Los Angeles, California, and across the U.S. Today, through partnerships with over 100 cultural and faith-based community groups, healthcare organizations, government agencies and law enforcement, Cast provides support to more than 1,600 survivors (and their family members) annually at every phase of their journeys to independence.

Cast has consistently been at the forefront of protecting the rights of trafficking victims, including developing and pushing for innovations such as the first-ever U.S. shelter solely for human trafficking survivors; a new model for serving trafficked children and young people transitioning out of foster care; a trauma-informed care framework for organizations serving trafficking victims; and a Survivor Advisory Council to the White House.

Among our accomplishments are a 2013 invitation to speak independently to the United Nations on human trafficking, a 2014 Presidential Award for Extraordinary Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons, our Executive Director being named the Los Angeles Visionary in C Suite Quarterly, and an Outstanding Non-Profit award from the Association of Fundraising Professionals in 2017.

Moving forward, Cast is focused on scaling up its efforts to change the policies and systems that make trafficking possible. This includes training survivors to serve as leaders and spokespeople in the anti-trafficking movement, establishing partnerships with policymakers to ensure they have a complete understanding of the issue, and working with corporate partners to eradicate trafficking from their supply chains.

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We collect feedback from the people we serve at least annually, We aim to collect feedback from as many people we serve as possible, We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We look for patterns in feedback based on demographics (e.g., race, age, gender, etc.), We engage the people who provide feedback in looking for ways we can improve in response, We act on the feedback we receive

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    It is difficult to get honest feedback from the people we serve

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 2.63 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 3.2 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 23% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of COALITION TO ABOLISH SLAVERY AND TRAFFICKING’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

Created in partnership with

Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $167,668 $463,688 $1,181,412 $836,072 $803,941
As % of expenses 4.2% 11.0% 25.6% 15.3% 10.5%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $126,999 $421,996 $1,152,177 $807,643 $670,551
As % of expenses 3.1% 9.9% 24.8% 14.7% 8.6%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $4,097,001 $4,718,003 $5,522,796 $6,262,222 $9,121,198
Total revenue, % change over prior year 8.9% 15.2% 17.1% 13.4% 45.7%
Program services revenue 0.4% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 51.4% 58.2% 62.0% 65.2% 67.6%
All other grants and contributions 47.7% 41.6% 37.7% 34.7% 32.2%
Other revenue 0.5% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $4,009,389 $4,201,866 $4,612,872 $5,478,013 $7,649,110
Total expenses, % change over prior year 7.1% 4.8% 9.8% 18.8% 39.6%
Personnel 59.1% 66.1% 68.3% 62.6% 55.8%
Professional fees 16.7% 12.2% 10.0% 8.8% 10.9%
Occupancy 4.9% 5.3% 5.2% 4.0% 3.2%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 6.3% 5.2% 5.7% 16.6% 20.6%
All other expenses 13.0% 11.2% 10.8% 8.1% 9.5%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $4,050,058 $4,243,558 $4,642,107 $5,506,442 $7,782,500
One month of savings $334,116 $350,156 $384,406 $456,501 $637,426
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $0 $743,761
Fixed asset additions $0 $0 $0 $3,595,869 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $4,384,174 $4,593,714 $5,026,513 $9,558,812 $9,163,687

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 1.3 1.0 4.3 5.2 3.2
Months of cash and investments 1.3 1.0 4.3 5.2 3.2
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 1.6 2.8 5.6 6.5 5.6
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $445,460 $349,129 $1,650,509 $2,387,548 $2,052,597
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $1,303,605 $1,833,501 $2,021,583 $2,086,322 $3,192,217
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $945,909 $953,581 $953,581 $4,445,607 $4,445,607
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 23.9% 28.1% 31.2% 5.0% 8.0%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 13.9% 12.3% 22.8% 53.3% 43.6%
Unrestricted net assets $1,247,005 $1,669,001 $2,821,178 $3,628,821 $4,299,372
Temporarily restricted net assets $926,834 $927,351 N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $25,000 $25,000 N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $951,834 $952,351 $570,884 $460,450 $1,041,242
Total net assets $2,198,839 $2,621,352 $3,392,062 $4,089,271 $5,340,614

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization


Kay Buck

Fueled by her passion for justice, Kay has over 25 years of experience leading anti-trafficking initiatives in the United States and abroad. Joining the Coalition to Abolish Slavery & Trafficking (CAST) in 2003, Kay leads one of the longest-running anti-slavery organizations in the United States, serving thousands of survivors and their families with comprehensive care to rebuild their lives and impact systemic change to prevent human trafficking. Kay is responsible for opening the first shelter for trafficked women in the country and creating CAST’s one-of-a-kind survivor leadership program, which empowers and trains survivors to use their voices collectively to inform public policy and social change, resulting in better laws to combat trafficking.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990


Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization


Highest paid employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of highest paid employee data for this organization


Board of directors
as of 09/21/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Sister Anncarla Costello

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Kathryn McMahon

California State University, Long Beach

Molly Rhodes

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Steven Hirsh

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Anncarla Costello

Sisters of Notre Dame

Kay Buck

Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking

Mike Trozzo

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Tabrez Noorani

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Linda Lopez

Social Impact Consultant

Jessica Caloza

CA Department of Justice

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Oliver Ayling


Bonnie Abaunza

The Abaunza Group

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Not applicable
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Not applicable

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 9/21/2023

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity


Sexual orientation


Equity strategies

Last updated: 01/19/2023

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We employ non-traditional ways of gathering feedback on programs and trainings, which may include interviews, roundtables, and external reviews with/by community stakeholders.
Policies and processes
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.
  • We measure and then disaggregate job satisfaction and retention data by race, function, level, and/or team.


Fiscal year ending

Professional fundraisers

Fiscal year ending

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 Schedule G

Solicitation activities
Gross receipts from fundraising
Retained by organization
Paid to fundraiser