Dignity | Transformation | Growth

aka SOIL   |   Mount Pleasant, TX   |
GuideStar Charity Check


EIN: 20-8195963


SOIL's mission is to promote dignity, health, and sustainable livelihoods through the transformation of wastes into resources.

Ruling year info


Co-Founder and Executive DIrector

Dr. Sasha Kramer

Main address

P.O. Box 395

Mount Pleasant, TX 75456-0395 USA

Show more contact info



Subject area info



Sustainable agriculture

Community and economic development

Population served info


Economically disadvantaged people

Low-income people

NTEE code info

Community Improvement, Capacity Building N.E.C. (S99)

Single Organization Support (C11)

Single Organization Support (E11)

IRS subsection

501(c)(3) Public Charity

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

Tax forms



What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

SOIL's innovative solution tackles two of the most pressing problems facing the world today: lack of access to sanitation and decreasing agricultural production due to soil degradation and erosion.

Diarrhea, easily preventable and treatable, is currently the second leading cause of death in children under five. Increasing access to safe drinking water reduces the incidences of diarrheal infections, but the only effective long-term solution to solving this public health crisis is to increase access to sanitation.

Soil Degradation and Erosion:
While aquatic ecosystems become increasingly polluted with nutrients from human waste, the earth's soil nutrients have been rapidly declining due to erosion and intensive agricultural practices, leading to reduced agricultural production, poverty, and malnutrition.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?


Currently, less than a quarter of Haitians have access to safe sanitation, by far the lowest coverage in the Western Hemisphere. People are forced to find other ways to dispose of their wastes, in ways that pose a great risk to public health and the environment. SOIL provides safe, clean toilets and treats the waste to make rich, organic compost - transforming one of Haiti’s greatest public health challenges into a critical resource for its environment.

SOIL currently provides private household toilets, communal (or multi-family) toilets, mobile toilets for events, as well as public toilets in tent camps and other communities particularly vulnerable to the cholera epidemic.

Population(s) Served
Economically disadvantaged people

The majority of sanitation projects carried out in Haiti are implemented without forethought as to how the waste will be treated. Most toilets flush directly into bodies of water, and latrines are either abandoned when full or emptied untreated into sites that, again, leach directly into water sources. SOIL is committed not only to providing safe sanitation, but also to safely treating human waste through the process of thermophilic composting, which ensures all pathogens have been killed and the organic matter has sufficiently broken down to be used for agricultural uses.

Population(s) Served
Economically disadvantaged people

More than 2.5 billion people in the world lack access to safe sanitation, so SOIL is committed to sharing the best practices we’ve developed through years of research and experience. SOIL provides educational resources and trainings online and in person.

Population(s) Served

Where we work


Climate Change Solution Search Winner 2013

Nature Conservancy

Convention to Combat Desertification: Land for Life Award 2012


Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of clients served

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people

Related Program


Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Context Notes

SOIL's household toilet service now currently reaches over 13,000 people living in urban Haiti with a safe in-home toilet and waste treatment services. (Does not include public toilet users).

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

With the number of people living in urban areas expected to double by 2050, it is critical to identify innovative technologies and services to meet the basic needs of those in informal urban settlements around the world. Sanitation is one of the most pressing challenges faced by rapidly expanding cities; consequently, SOIL is developing a transformative model for how safe, dignified household toilets can be affordably and sustainably provided to people living in the most impoverished and water scarce urban communities in the world.

SOIL's work is globally relevant in that governments, organizations and international financing institutions are actively seeking technological alternatives to existing technologies. Traditional urban sanitation technologies include sewer systems and onsite solutions such as pit latrines and septic tanks. Unfortunately these traditional sanitation interventions are either impossible to implement or unsafe in rapidly expanding informal settlements and therefore innovative, low-cost solutions like this one are critical for preventing public health crises. To this end SOIL is collaborating on a global scale with partner organizations, international institutions, and a variety of research partners to rigorously evaluate the impact and potential of Container Based Sanitation (CBS) solutions as a viable alternative for traditional sewerage at the government and municipal level.

SOIL's flagship program, EkoLakay, provides household-level ecological sanitation to over 1,000 families in some of Haiti's most vulnerable communities. EkoLakay is a monthly toilet rental service – clients pay a small monthly fee and receive an EkoLakay toilet and weekly waste collection services. All waste is safely treated and transformed into rich compost in a treatment process that respects World Health Organization standards. Revenue from toilet user fees and compost sales supports ongoing project costs and showcases the potential to affordably provide household sanitation in dense, urban communities. SOIL is currently producing over 100 metric tons of compost annually, with production increasing as the EkoLakay toilet business grows. The compost is used to support agriculture and reforestation efforts in Haiti. SOIL is also conducting comparative research with partner institutions to evaluate the climate impact of composting waste treatment versus traditional waste treatment methods.

SOIL is currently providing services in Haiti's two largest cities, Cap-Haitien and Port-au-Prince. It is estimated that only 34% of urban Haitians have access to improved sanitation facilities and less than 1% of human waste is safely treated. This sanitation crisis is mirrored on a global scale with 2.4 billion people (33% of the world's population) still lacking access to a toilet. Many attempts to create or repair sanitation systems are themselves ineffective, focusing only on the provision of toilets and neglecting waste treatment. But a toilet without a waste treatment system is just a means for displacing a problem, cleaning up one local environment while polluting another. Where waste treatment systems do exist, the processes for disposing of wastes also disposes of valuable nutrients, instead of harvesting them for reuse. Despite billions of dollars spent on sanitation interventions, the global population continues to suffer from the lack of access to safe sanitation and the environment continues to suffer from pollution and declining soil fertility.

SOIL has been working in some of the poorest areas in Haiti since 2006 to facilitate the community-identified priority of ecological sanitation (EcoSan), where human wastes are converted into valuable compost. Since building Haiti's first EcoSan toilet in 2006 and Haiti's first waste treatment facility in 2009, SOIL has gone on to become one of the most well-respected sanitation providers in Haiti with clean, popularly-received and effective toilets and waste treatment facilities around the country. SOIL also boasts strong partnerships with the non-profit, business, and government sectors, and a robust information-sharing and educational program that has helped increase the use of EcoSan by organizations, businesses, and institutions around Haiti and by international NGOs globally.

Notable strengths include:
-A holistic sanitation delivery system (toilets, waste collection, waste treatment, and nutrient reuse) with multiple sources of revenue and very low barriers to entry.
-An emphasis on using low-cost and locally-available materials for easy replication across the country.
-A unique combination of compassion, local knowledge, scientific experience, and entrepreneurial thinking that provides communities with culturally-accepted sustainable options for sanitation and livelihood generation.
-A staff that is over 90% Haitian, providing cultural and lingual fluency and a strong understanding of the target market.

To date SOIL's achievements include:

• Over 2,200 household clients in the EkoLakay program.
• More than 13,000 individuals benefiting from household sanitation
• Average monthly payment rates of 85% and an attrition rate that is
lower than 4% each month
• More than 500 metric tons of waste treated annually resulting in
approximately 150 metric tons of compost produced each year.
• Over 250 discrete customers have purchased SOIL compost and
customer profiles range from individual backyard gardeners, to
large agricultural companies, to government bodies and non-profit
organizations involved in the agricultural sector. Additionally, we
are regularly sold out of compost and have a waiting list for
compost purchases.
• Customer satisfaction surveys indicate over 90% of customers are
satisfied or very satisfied with the EkoLakay service and more than
97% of compost customers report satisfactory results.
• More than 6,000 people attended SOIL's educational events in Haiti
in the past fiscal year and SOIL's online “SOIL Guide to EcoSan" has
been downloaded by more than 1,000 people from over 90
• In the past fiscal year, SOIL generated over $25,000 in toilet user
fees and $21,000 in compost sales

As a non-profit organization with a mission to promote dignity, health and sustainable livelihoods, SOIL is committed to transparency and open source solutions. We believe strongly in the value of research driven implementation and are passionate about monitoring and evaluation because of our fundamental philosophical conviction that development work should adhere to the same standards of quality and evidence-based action upheld by academic institutions. To ensure that the communities in which we work receive the highest quality service with the greatest chance of financial and environmental sustainability, SOIL works towards a simultaneous commitment to community engagement and rigorous scientific enquiry.


Fiscal year: Aug 01 - Jul 31
Financial documents
2021 Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods - Audited Financial Statement 2020 2017
done  Yes, financials were audited by an independent accountant. info

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 10.54 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 4.4 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 28% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Aug 01 - Jul 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Aug 01 - Jul 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Aug 01 - Jul 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of SUSTAINABLE ORGANIC INTEGRATED LIVELIHOODS’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

Created in partnership with

Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $423,765 $442,310 $208,806 $30,230 $533,831
As % of expenses 26.1% 31.0% 15.1% 1.7% 29.6%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $218,017 $284,424 $82,097 -$60,645 $432,377
As % of expenses 11.9% 17.9% 5.4% -3.3% 22.7%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $1,359,099 $1,481,082 $1,439,020 $1,990,232 $3,157,591
Total revenue, % change over prior year -34.8% 9.0% -2.8% 38.3% 58.7%
Program services revenue 9.2% 5.7% 4.3% 2.9% 2.7%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 11.5% 21.0% 0.0% 17.0% 7.8%
All other grants and contributions 79.3% 73.2% 95.7% 82.8% 89.4%
Other revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% -2.7% 0.1%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $1,621,016 $1,427,984 $1,385,792 $1,763,384 $1,802,792
Total expenses, % change over prior year 3.5% -11.9% -3.0% 27.2% 2.2%
Personnel 75.7% 76.0% 71.4% 69.2% 58.4%
Professional fees 3.0% 3.7% 6.1% 11.5% 14.4%
Occupancy 2.7% 1.6% 0.5% 0.5% 0.8%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
All other expenses 18.5% 18.7% 22.1% 18.7% 26.4%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $1,826,764 $1,585,870 $1,512,501 $1,854,259 $1,904,246
One month of savings $135,085 $118,999 $115,483 $146,949 $150,233
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $99,514 $0
Fixed asset additions $234,538 $0 $0 $0 $137,094
Total full costs (estimated) $2,196,387 $1,704,869 $1,627,984 $2,100,722 $2,191,573

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 3.2 4.8 8.2 7.2 9.5
Months of cash and investments 3.2 4.8 8.2 7.2 9.5
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 2.9 6.1 8.0 6.1 8.6
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $434,136 $571,419 $948,287 $1,061,254 $1,424,068
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $603,906 $671,533 $193,152 $241,049 $1,247,224
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $1,042,363 $1,144,711 $1,151,522 $1,097,528 $1,234,623
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 49.2% 58.3% 69.0% 70.0% 70.5%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 5.1% 19.5% 13.0% 16.5% 13.9%
Unrestricted net assets $915,688 $1,200,112 $1,282,209 $1,221,564 $1,653,941
Temporarily restricted net assets $589,028 $199,816 N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $589,028 $199,816 $44,238 $155,403 $984,611
Total net assets $1,504,716 $1,399,928 $1,326,447 $1,376,967 $2,638,552

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Co-Founder and Executive DIrector

Dr. Sasha Kramer

Dr. Sasha Kramer is an ecologist and human rights advocate who has been living and working in Haiti since 2004. She received her Ph.D. in Ecology from Stanford University in 2006 and co-founded SOIL that same year while also completing a postdoctoral research position with the Collaboratory for Research on Global Projects at Stanford. While Sasha spends the majority of her time living and working in Haiti, she is also a global advocate for the recycling of nutrients in human waste, helping others implement sustainable sanitation projects and inspiring people around the world to participate in the sanitation revolution. Sasha is a 2014 Schwab Social Entrepreneur of the Year, a National Geographic Emerging Explorer, an Ashoka Fellow, and was recently awarded the Sarphati Sanitation Award for Lifetime Achievement.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990


Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.


Board of directors
as of 05/16/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board co-chair

Jessica Covell

Board co-chair

Daniel Tillias

Sasha Kramer


Jessica Covell

Daniel Tillias

Robert McLaughlin

Nick Preneta


Nathalie Marc-Charles

Ken Caplan

Johnny Celestin

Alyse Schrecongost

Ingrid Henrys

Tanvi Nagpal

Cyra Copeland

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 3/2/2023

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity


Sexual orientation

No data


No data