International Crane Foundation

Saving cranes and the places where cranes dance

aka ICF   |   Baraboo, WI   |
GuideStar Charity Check

International Crane Foundation

EIN: 39-1187711


ICF works worldwide to conserve cranes and the ecosystems, watersheds, and flyways on which they depend. ICF provides knowledge, leadership, and inspiration to engage people in resolving threats to cranes and their diverse landscapes.

Ruling year info


President & CEO

Dr. Richard Beilfuss

Main address

E 11376 Shady Lane Rd

Baraboo, WI 53913 USA

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Subject area info

Climate change

Water conservation



Bird preservation

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Population served info


People of African descent

Low-income people

Extremely poor people

Working poor

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NTEE code info

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

Protection of Endangered Species (D31)

Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation and Management (C32)

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Conserving all 15 species of cranes, and their habitats, worldwide. With 11 of the world’s 15 crane species facing extinction, our future promises to be one of continued growth and innovation to meet the growing challenges. The fate of cranes mirrors the health of the places they inhabit. With that in mind, the International Crane Foundation works by addressing the needs of specific crane species, and also by tackling the universal challenges we face as a society, such climate change, land development, conflicting demands for water resources, and illegal trade.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Conservation Leadership

Since 1973, ICF has worked with scientists, conservationists, and government officials from the countries where cranes are endangered. ICF has had a lead role in developing captive breeding techniques. ICF cooperates with zoos and other centers in producing chicks for reintroduction programs for Whooping, Siberian, Red-crowned, White-naped cranes and Wattled Cranes. ICF has sponsored numerous workshops and research projects, resulting in over a dozen volumes of crane papers. Cranes are now among the best known birds. ICF's staff coordinates a network of hundreds of conservationists; the ICF library disseminates crane and conservation information worldwide. ICF has become increasingly involved in habitat protection. Cranes, because of their striking beauty and unique significance in many cultures, inspire awareness and action on behalf of wildlife and wetlands, serving as important symbols for conservation. Because of their dependence on large expanses of wetlands, cranes have catalyzed conservation action for wetlands on five continents, benefiting hundreds of plant and animal species. ICF education efforts include on-site visitation (the only place to see all 15 crane species), outreach through North America, and opportunities for Americans to work directly on international conservation.

Population(s) Served

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of Whooping Cranes added to the landscape through reintroduction in the Eastern Migratory Population each year.

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served


Related Program

Conservation Leadership

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Context Notes

The International Crane Foundation works in Texas to support that last remaining wild flock of Whooping Cranes in North America. Science, outreach and conservation efforts result in healthier habitat

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

The International Crane Foundation works worldwide to conserve cranes and the ecosystems, watersheds, and flyways on which they depend. We provide knowledge, leadership, and inspiration to engage people in resolving threats to cranes and their diverse landscapes.

(1) Safeguarding Crane Populations in the wild, with direct threats reduced to sustainable levels; (2) Securing Ecosystems, Watersheds, and Flyways on which cranes depend; (3) Bringing People Together for conservation action based on their shared values for cranes and the landscapes they depend on; (4) Improving Local Livelihoods and other benefits for communities through the conservation of cranes and their landscapes; (5) Empowering Conservation Leadership for cranes, local communities, and the landscapes they share; (6) Building Knowledge for Policy and Action to secure cranes and crane landscapes; (7) restoring cranes to the wild.

From our nearly 300-acre headquarters in Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA our reach extends across the globe. We maintain a regional base in China and share program offices with partner organizations in Cambodia, India, South Africa, Texas, Vietnam, and Zambia. Our approximately 80 staff work with a network of hundreds of specialists in over 50 countries on five continents.

Numbers of Whooping Cranes on the landscape in North American are on the rise. Whooping Cranes are the most endangered bird in North America. Numbers of Sandhill Cranes across North America also are on the rise. We've had conservation wins across the globe. These include creating work for villagers in Vietnam, protecting the important Poyang Lake in China and rescuing Endangered Grey Crowned Cranes in Africa. And yet we have much to do. Our conservation efforts will increase in the next three years. Consequently, cranes and their habitats will be protected.


International Crane Foundation
Fiscal year: Apr 01 - Mar 31

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 50.74 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 9.5 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 20% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

International Crane Foundation

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Apr 01 - Mar 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

International Crane Foundation

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Apr 01 - Mar 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

International Crane Foundation

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Apr 01 - Mar 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of International Crane Foundation’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $3,028,743 $15,935,830 $8,485,441 $2,076,778 -$3,319,745
As % of expenses 43.4% 218.7% 121.9% 23.6% -31.7%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $2,600,762 $15,407,989 $7,538,813 $1,040,348 -$4,413,430
As % of expenses 35.1% 197.2% 95.4% 10.6% -38.2%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $11,534,054 $15,523,552 $8,745,477 $10,627,256 $9,637,841
Total revenue, % change over prior year 56.7% 34.6% -43.7% 21.5% -9.3%
Program services revenue 0.9% 0.7% 1.0% 1.9% 1.6%
Membership dues 4.4% 2.8% 5.7% 6.0% 6.3%
Investment income 4.6% 3.8% 5.2% 4.7% 8.5%
Government grants 2.5% 1.8% 10.4% 4.6% 5.6%
All other grants and contributions 86.3% 90.5% 76.9% 80.8% 73.6%
Other revenue 1.4% 0.3% 0.9% 2.0% 4.3%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $6,982,814 $7,285,799 $6,958,845 $8,784,231 $10,466,857
Total expenses, % change over prior year 8.1% 4.3% -4.5% 26.2% 19.2%
Personnel 55.8% 50.1% 53.4% 44.8% 41.7%
Professional fees 7.6% 11.0% 13.5% 15.5% 13.2%
Occupancy 1.5% 1.8% 2.3% 1.7% 1.5%
Interest 0.0% 0.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.0%
Pass-through 16.8% 17.5% 14.6% 18.3% 22.5%
All other expenses 18.3% 19.2% 15.9% 19.7% 21.2%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Total expenses (after depreciation) $7,410,795 $7,813,640 $7,905,473 $9,820,661 $11,560,542
One month of savings $581,901 $607,150 $579,904 $732,019 $872,238
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $618,280 $0
Fixed asset additions $3,337,389 $6,149,303 $1,215,792 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $11,330,085 $14,570,093 $9,701,169 $11,170,960 $12,432,780

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Months of cash 10.2 8.1 10.2 8.4 4.8
Months of cash and investments 54.3 46.3 76.4 63.3 48.8
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 24.7 39.8 54.2 45.2 33.9
Balance sheet composition info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Cash $5,918,915 $4,931,629 $5,898,842 $6,170,152 $4,193,652
Investments $25,687,458 $23,158,195 $38,418,942 $40,155,282 $38,368,436
Receivables $4,737,118 $10,246,028 $991,970 $1,127,540 $1,431,549
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $15,858,437 $20,027,826 $21,228,680 $21,659,445 $21,729,957
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 48.8% 31.4% 34.0% 38.0% 42.5%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 2.6% 5.5% 1.9% 0.9% 0.8%
Unrestricted net assets $22,504,789 $37,912,778 $45,451,591 $46,491,939 $42,078,509
Temporarily restricted net assets $17,971,608 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $3,819,480 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $21,791,088 $12,171,219 $13,977,414 $15,261,815 $15,177,825
Total net assets $44,295,877 $50,083,997 $59,429,005 $61,753,754 $57,256,334

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

President & CEO

Dr. Richard Beilfuss

Rich first joined ICF in 1988 as a restoration intern, conducted his graduate field research for ICF on hydrology and wetland ecology in Vietnam and Mozambique, and then developed and directed the ICF Africa Program from 1993-2005. He left ICF in 2005 and moved with his family to Mozambique, where he served four years as Director of Scientific Services for the Gorongosa Restoration Project—a $30 million project aimed at ecological restoration and poverty alleviation in and around Gorongosa National Park. Rich returned to ICF in September 2009 to serve as Vice President-Programs, and was promoted to ICF President & CEO the following March. Rich specializes in the emerging field of “environmental flows," which describe the quantity, timing, and quality of water flows required to sustain freshwater and estuarine ecosystems and the human livelihoods and well-being that depend on these ecosystems. He has a Ph.D. in Land Resources (Wetland Ecology), a Masters Degree in Civil and Environmental Engineering-Hydrology, a Masters Degree in Water Resources Management and a Bachelors degree in Natural Resource Economics, and is a Licensed Professional Hydrologist. Rich also is an Adjunct Professor for the University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Engineering and for the University of Eduardo Mondlane in Mozambique. He was appointed by Governor Doyle of Wisconsin to serve on the Examining Board of Professional Geologists, Hydrologists, and Soil Scientists.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

International Crane Foundation

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.

International Crane Foundation

Board of directors
as of 02/27/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board co-chair

Ms. Roberta Asher

Board co-chair

Mr. Steve Euller

George Archibald

Richard Beilfuss

Jill Allread

Steve Becker

Susan Carnahan

Michael Horn

Paula John

Heidi Kiesler

Larry Kueter

Tom Leiden

Micaela Levine

Paul Robbins

Jason Sauey

Jennifer Perkins Speers

Robert Dohmen

Sue Chin

Roberta Asher

Steve Euller

Graham Kessel

Galsan Batsukh

Barry Ackers

Linda DiSantis

Stephen Gast

Eleanor Hoagland

Chris Hunt

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 2/27/2024

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or Straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

No data

Transgender Identity

No data

Sexual orientation

No data


No data


Fiscal year ending

Professional fundraisers

Fiscal year ending

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 Schedule G

Solicitation activities
Gross receipts from fundraising
Retained by organization
Paid to fundraiser