PLATINUM2023

APOPO US

We train rats to save lives

aka HeroRAT   |   Washington, DC   |  www.apopo.org
GuideStar Charity Check

APOPO US

EIN: 47-1389723


Mission

APOPO US's mission is to support the development of detection rats technology that solves global problems and inspires positive social change.

APOPO US is headquartered in Washington DC and the global organization's operational and research hub is based in Morogoro Tanzania. APOPO has TB Detection and Control programs in Tanzania and Mozambique and Mine Action programs in Mozambique, Angola, and Cambodia. APOPO also maintains fundraising and public engagement offices in Antwerp, Belgium and Geneva Switzerland.

Ruling year info

2015

Principal Officer

Mr. Charles Richter

Main address

712 H St NE

Washington, DC 20002 USA

Show more contact info

EIN

47-1389723

Subject area info

Animal training

Community and economic development

International development

Population served info

Economically disadvantaged people

Low-income people

People with diseases and illnesses

People with HIV/AIDS

Farmers

NTEE code info

Community Improvement, Capacity Building N.E.C. (S99)

IRS subsection

501(c)(3) Public Charity

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

Tax forms

Communication

Blog

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

59 countries and states suffer from the blight of hidden landmines. APOPO's landmine detection rats and technical survey dogs ignore scrap metal and only detect explosive scent, making them much faster at finding landmines than metal detectors. Detecting tuberculosis remains one of the biggest challenges facing medical professionals. APOPO’s TB detection rats can check 100 samples for tuberculosis in 20 minutes; the same task would take a lab technician up to 4 days. Suspect samples are re-checked using LED fluorescence microscopy.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

TB Detection

APOPO is the only organization in the world that has operationalized animal detection of disease. Taking advantage of the impressive sensitivity and detection speed of HeroRAT's, APOPO creates TB detection factories in high burden megacities that can help improve case detection by over 40%.

Population(s) Served
People with diseases and illnesses
People with HIV/AIDS

APOPO US supports APOPO's landmine detection programs in Africa and Asia, though fundraising support, strategic guidance, and partnership building.

APOPO currently has mine action operations in Cambodia, Mozambique and Angola. Across all of its operations, APOPO operations and results are driven by a proven land release methodology to ensure all land is safely processed and released in accordance with International Mine Action Standards. APOPO’s use of evidence based clearance as well as Mine Detection Rats (MDR) are the foundations of its results based approach to land mine detection.

Historically around the world, too much land has been cleared without finding mines or explosive remnants of war (ERW). This has subsequently resulted in wasted effort that produced few life improvement results for local communities. In response to this, APOPO has been in the forefront to employ an evidence-based approach (Non-Technical Survey and Technical Survey) to accurately determine the extent of landmine contamination and make sure that expensive clearance operations are only deployed when necessary. This ensures that as much land as possible is released by relatively inexpensive non-technical survey and that only the parts with proven mine contamination are actually cleared using more expensive clearance resources.

APOPO’s approach also differs from the norm in its use of Mine Detection Rats (MDRs). One MDR can typically search up to 400m2 per day, whereas a manual deminer with a metal detector can search 80m2 per day. In low density suspected areas, the MDRs have a significant advantage as they can screen vast areas rapidly, and APOPO’s efficiency and land clearance results are ultimately accelerated greatly by the use of MDR in technical survey.

Just as importantly, deploying MDR allows APOPO to clear certain tracks of land faster than organizations that don’t deploy MDR, allowing them to move on to new tasked areas quicker than the typical organization. For this reason APOPO became the “preferred partner” of the Mozambican government, despite operating with smaller budgets than many larger mine clearance organizations, and is a major reason the country has now been declared mine free.

Population(s) Served
Farmers
Economically disadvantaged people

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of patient consultations

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

People with diseases and illnesses

Related Program

TB Detection

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Number of Patients Screened by APOPO's TB Detection Rats for TB

Number of health/hygiene product and/or tools of care (mosquito nets, soap, etc.) administered

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

People with diseases and illnesses

Related Program

TB Detection

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Number of patients found by APOPO's TB Detection Rat System placed on treatment

Number of community-based organizations providing primary prevention services in chronic disease programs

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

People with diseases and illnesses

Related Program

TB Detection

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Number of National Tuberculosis Program Clinics working with APOPO.

Number of research studies conducted

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

APOPO is constantly studying both the performance of its rats detecting landmines and TB, and behavioral reinforcement techniques that can improve their performance in the field.

Square Meters of Land Cleared from the Threat of Landmines

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people, Farmers

Related Program

Land Clearance

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

APOPO's major landmine project in Mozambique ended in 2015 which is why SM cleared from the threat of landmine has declined in 2016 and 2017.

Individuals Freed from the Threat of Landmines

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Economically disadvantaged people, Farmers

Related Program

Land Clearance

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Individuals freed from the threat of landmines varies depending on how densely populated the areas are where an organization is tasked to demine and the size of the operation.

Number of free participants in conferences

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Land Clearance

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

APOPO reaches out to local schools and villages to engage in Explosive Ordnance Risk Education (EORE) which explain what a buried weapon looks like and what to do when these items are found

Number of samples screened

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

TB Detection

Type of Metric

Context - describing the issue we work on

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

The total of sputum samples screened from APOPO's partner clinics

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Mine Action:

APOPO seeks to deploy cost efficient solutions – including rats and its land release methodology – a process that combines community surveys and logical deployment of resources depending on threat level assessments to efficiently determine mined areas. APOPO's long term goal is to be the animal detection consultants/ service provider that ensures animals and land release are used by larger NGO's throughout the world whenever the land mine situation justifies it. If APOPO can establish itself in this role, they can take the burdensome effort of training, accrediting, and deploying animals off the hands of major operators who will then see catalytic time and cost savings from the combined use of animals and traditional more expensive mine detection assets.

TB Detection:

By 2025 APOPO hopes it will have screened over 1,000,000 high risk individuals and helped identify over 50,000 people not found by local clinics. In doing so APOPO will help curb the huge problem of undiscovered and untreated TB, which is one of the the primary reason it is now the deadliest infectious disease in the world recently surpassing HIV.

New Applications:

By 2025 APOPO hopes to have at least two new applications fully researched and implemented in the field. These could include cancer screening rats, search and rescue rats, or rats who search for illegal wildlife products, like rhino horn or ivory, in air or sea ports.

Mine Action:

APOPO is currently providing animals and land release consultation services to the Cambodian Mine Action Center in Cambodia and Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) in Angola. It is also exploring a variety of partnerships with NGO's and military demining units in Colombia, including setting up a shared rat pool that could be utilized by multiple organizations at once and therefore limit down time when speedy rats are waiting for slower machines and humanitarian deminers to prepare ground area for animal searching. By 2025, APOPO hopes to be firmly established as the animal detection providers for the majority of demining NGO's in the world, which should create a catalytic time and cost saving impact in the field.

TB Detection:

APOPO scales its TB operations by partnering up with National Tuberculosis program clinics in high TB burden mega cites, and managing the whole TB detection process from sample collection at partner clinics, to screening with its algorithm in a stand alone centralized laboratory. APOPO hopes to be By simultaneously proving operational feasibility across Dar Es Salaam, Maputo, and Addis Ababa, and working to improve the accuracy of its system through genetic, behavioral, and evaluation cage research, APOPO believes it will be in a stronger position to gain major TB stakeholder buy in over the next few years. APOPO then hopes to scale to at least 10 high burden mega cities by 2025, by transitioning away from full scale project management, to providing a cost saving, impact increasing, affordable TB rat detection service package to existing TB detection stakeholders.

New Applications:

APOPO is the only organization in the world who has developed methodology to train African Giant Rats through positive behavior reinforcement. By using rat training best practices from its TB and Mine Action training programs, and partnering up with leading institutions in new fields, APOPO should be able to successfully train and implement rats in new areas. For example APOPO is currently working with the US Wildlife Trust to determine if detection rats can find pangolin shells, the most trafficked illegal wildlife product in the world.

APOPO maintains three core parts of its operational management team;

1) Research and Development Staff that have masters, PHD's and years of experience in Animal Behavioral Research, Neuroscience, and other related fields. These individuals have years of experience training rodents and other animals on various behaviors and constantly work to train high quality TB and Mine Detection Rats, and also research new novel applications.

2) TB Program Staff have masters, PHD's and MD's in epidemiology, and infectious disease, and years of experience implementing quality TB control programs in low income, high burden countries. These individuals set performance expectations for TB Detection Rats, and develop programs that allow APOPO to maximize the high speed, and low costs of detection rat technology to greatly enhance TB detection results in developing countries.

3) Mine action staff are generally former high level military officers, who also have years of experience managing demining operations in inflicted areas. These individuals develop deployment strategies and partnerships that allow the mine action industry to maximize the catalytic cost and time savings offered by mine detection rats.

In addition to management teams that are highly qualified in their relevant fields, APOPO makes a commitment to providing local employment whenever possible, and over 95% of its staff our host country nationals. This is partially made possible by the simplicity of its rat training and handling processes which allow APOPO to hire individuals who never attended college.

In the last ten year mine detection HeroRATs helped clear over 80,000,000 square meters of land from the threat of landmines and were part of the reason Mozambique was declared mine free years before expectations. TB detection HeroRats have identified almost 12,000 patients missed by local clinics. APOPO is also exploring new applications of laboratory based detection rats technology including cancer screening, and uncovering illegal wildlife smuggling in East African ports. APOPO is also exploring using the rats during search and rescue operations to navigate through fallen ruble that it too tight for larger dogs and find survivors so that rescuers can get to them faster.

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We collect feedback from the people we serve at least annually, We take steps to get feedback from marginalized or under-represented people, We aim to collect feedback from as many people we serve as possible, We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We look for patterns in feedback based on demographics (e.g., race, age, gender, etc.), We look for patterns in feedback based on people’s interactions with us (e.g., site, frequency of service, etc.), We engage the people who provide feedback in looking for ways we can improve in response, We act on the feedback we receive, We tell the people who gave us feedback how we acted on their feedback

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    We don't have any major challenges to collecting feedback

Financials

APOPO US
Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31
Financial documents
2021 2021 Tax Return For Apopo US.pdf 2019 2019 Financial Statement 2017 2017 Tax Return For Apopo US.pdf
done  Yes, financials were audited by an independent accountant. info

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
NET GAIN/LOSS:    in 
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

19.42

Average of 30.46 over 8 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

0.6

Average of 2.3 over 8 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

8%

Average of 10% over 8 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

APOPO US

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

APOPO US

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

APOPO US

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of APOPO US’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

Created in partnership with

Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $28,262 -$84,209 $21,666 $168,681 -$180,693
As % of expenses 3.5% -11.2% 2.0% 17.4% -14.9%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $28,137 -$84,583 $21,292 $168,524 -$180,693
As % of expenses 3.4% -11.3% 1.9% 17.4% -14.9%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $524,492 $665,487 $1,126,273 $1,138,232 $1,033,537
Total revenue, % change over prior year -3.4% 26.9% 69.2% 1.1% -9.2%
Program services revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 0.0% 0.0% 3.6% 0.0% 0.0%
All other grants and contributions 100.0% 100.0% 96.4% 100.0% 100.0%
Other revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $816,230 $749,696 $1,104,607 $969,551 $1,214,230
Total expenses, % change over prior year 56.3% -8.2% 47.3% -12.2% 25.2%
Personnel 14.9% 25.4% 20.9% 18.6% 11.5%
Professional fees 2.9% 3.1% 2.6% 3.7% 3.1%
Occupancy 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 79.1% 65.9% 74.9% 74.3% 81.0%
All other expenses 3.1% 5.6% 1.6% 3.4% 4.4%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $816,355 $750,070 $1,104,981 $969,708 $1,214,230
One month of savings $68,019 $62,475 $92,051 $80,796 $101,186
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Fixed asset additions $1,870 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $886,244 $812,545 $1,197,032 $1,050,504 $1,315,416

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 1.8 0.8 0.8 3.1 0.6
Months of cash and investments 1.8 0.8 0.8 3.1 0.6
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 2.6 1.4 1.2 3.5 1.0
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $123,474 $48,719 $69,821 $252,209 $60,446
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $54,178 $45,637 $43,548 $36,209 $43,438
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $1,870 $1,870 $1,870 $0 $0
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 6.7% 26.7% 46.6% 0.0% 0.0%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 1.8% 4.3% 1.2% 2.4% 3.0%
Unrestricted net assets $176,232 $91,649 $112,941 $281,465 $100,772
Temporarily restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total net assets $176,232 $91,649 $112,941 $281,465 $100,772

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No

Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Documents
Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Principal Officer

Mr. Charles Richter

Charlie joined the APOPO team in December 2014 as US Director. Previously he worked in business development and project management for Gallup, a large research and consulting firm, and One Economy an international technology NGO, both based in Washington DC.

Charlie is responsible for building new partnerships and projects with US based organizations as well as developing APOPO's independent US based 501C3 organization. He has an MBA from Thunderbird School of Global Management and was a former Peace Corps volunteer in Niger, West Africa where he developed a passion for effective social enterprise development.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

APOPO US

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Compensation
Other
Related
Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

APOPO US

Highest paid employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Compensation
Other
Related
Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of highest paid employee data for this organization

APOPO US

Board of directors
as of 11/14/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Mari Kuraishi

Global Giving

Term: 2015 -

Mari Kuraishi

Global Giving

Beverly Schwartz

Ashoka

Piet Van Hove

University of Antwerp

Isa Misra

Foley Hoag LLP

Charles Richter

APOPO

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 5/26/2022

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.

Leadership

The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
White/Caucasian/European
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Decline to state
Disability status
Decline to state

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation

No data

Disability

No data

Equity strategies

Last updated: 05/26/2022

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

Data
  • We review compensation data across the organization (and by staff levels) to identify disparities by race.
  • We ask team members to identify racial disparities in their programs and / or portfolios.
  • We analyze disaggregated data and root causes of race disparities that impact the organization's programs, portfolios, and the populations served.
  • We disaggregate data to adjust programming goals to keep pace with changing needs of the communities we support.
  • We employ non-traditional ways of gathering feedback on programs and trainings, which may include interviews, roundtables, and external reviews with/by community stakeholders.
  • We disaggregate data by demographics, including race, in every policy and program measured.
  • We have long-term strategic plans and measurable goals for creating a culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.
Policies and processes
  • We use a vetting process to identify vendors and partners that share our commitment to race equity.
  • We have a promotion process that anticipates and mitigates implicit and explicit biases about people of color serving in leadership positions.
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We have community representation at the board level, either on the board itself or through a community advisory board.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.
  • We measure and then disaggregate job satisfaction and retention data by race, function, level, and/or team.
  • We engage everyone, from the board to staff levels of the organization, in race equity work and ensure that individuals understand their roles in creating culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.