PLATINUM2024

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Protecting the life that sustains us

aka The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation   |   Washington, DC   |  https://xerces.org
GuideStar Charity Check

XERCES SOCIETY INC

EIN: 51-0175253


Mission

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation is an international nonprofit organization that protects the natural world through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats. Informed by science, Xerces works with diverse partners that include scientists, land managers, educators, policymakers, farmers, and communities. By utilizing applied research, engaging in advocacy, providing educational resources, addressing policy implications, and building community, we endeavor to make meaningful long-term conservation a reality.

Ruling year info

1975

Executive Director

Scott Black

Main address

PO Box 97387

Washington, DC 20090 USA

Show more contact info

EIN

51-0175253

Subject area info

Natural resources

Wildlife biodiversity

Environmental education

Population served info

Children and youth

Adults

Academics

Farmers

Activists

NTEE code info

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

Environmental Education and Outdoor Survival Programs (C60)

Wildlife Preservation/Protection (D30)

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Big issues we all face like climate change and biodiversity loss may feel overwhelming. Yet here at Xerces, we believe that everyone can create change and that small actions can add up to make a big difference.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Pollinator Program

Pollinators are essential to our environment. The ecological service they provide is necessary for the reproduction of over 85% of the world’s flowering plants, including more than two-thirds of the world’s crop species. The United States alone grows more than 100 crops that either need or benefit from pollinators, and the economic value of these native pollinators is estimated at $3 billion per year in the U.S. Beyond agriculture, pollinators are keystone species in most terrestrial ecosystems. Fruits and seeds derived from insect pollination are a major part of the diet of approximately 25% of all birds, and of mammals ranging from red-backed voles to grizzly bears. Unfortunately, in many places, the essential service of pollination is at risk from habitat loss, pesticide use, and introduced diseases.

You can help bring back the pollinators by following four simple principles: growing pollinator-friendly flowers, providing nest sites, avoiding pesticides, and spreading the

Population(s) Served
Adults

Invertebrates form the foundation of many of our terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and yet they are greatly underappreciated in mainstream conservation. Destruction of habitat, pesticides, disease, and climate change are all factors leading to the decline of invertebrate species. To conserve and restore the diversity of life on earth, the Xerces Society’s endangered species conservation program engages in education, research, community science (sometimes referred to as "citizen science," or "participatory science"), conservation planning, and advocacy to protect at-risk species and their habitats. We collaborate with scientists and land managers to raise awareness about the plight of invertebrates and to gain protection for the most vulnerable species before they decline to a level at which recovery is impossible.

Population(s) Served
Adults

We undertake a variety of activities to raise general awareness and appreciation of the valuable role of invertebrates. One of our key activities in this program area includes twice a year publication of our magazine which features the work of renowned wildlife photographers, scientists, conservationists, and writers. Another aspect of this program is the Joan M. DeWind award. Each year two graduate or undergraduate students receive an award of $10,000 each for Lepidoptera research/conservation projects.

Population(s) Served
Adults

The Xerces Society conducts workshops from coast to coast for a variety of audiences—farmers, land managers, agency officials, gardeners, park managers, and others. Our trainings cover how to restore and enhance areas for pollinators and other beneficial insects; protect at-risk species such as bumble bees, tiger beetles, and butterflies; and monitor the health of streams, rivers, and wetlands.

The Xerces Society mobilizes volunteers to protect wildlife through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats by participating in community science, organizational tasks, and community engagement.

Population(s) Served
Adults
Children and youth

The vast majority of invertebrates serve vitally important roles in a healthy environment, including controlling pests, pollinating flowering plants, and providing food for other wildlife. Only a very small number of invertebrates are pests. Yet, the pesticides designed to control unwanted plants and animals rarely distinguish between beneficial invertebrates and those which cause harm. All too often pesticides cause unintended consequences and disrupt the natural systems that sustain us. But, because pesticides are valued for their toxicity to pests, the risks they pose are often accepted⁠—even when healthier, more sustainable options are available.
Xerces’ staff is sought after to translate complex science so that farmers, backyard gardeners, agency staff, and policy makers can make informed decisions about pesticide use and regulation. And by providing on-the-ground technical support we are increasing the adoption of ecologically sound pest management practices everywhere.

Population(s) Served
Adults

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Number of acres of land protected

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Farmers

Related Program

Pollinator Program

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Pollinator habitat restored on farms

Number of new organizations signing on as collaborators

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Adults, Academics, Activists

Related Program

Community Engagement

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Bee City USA & Bee Campus USA Affiliates

Number of participants engaged in programs

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Adults, Academics, Activists, Farmers

Related Program

Other Conservation & Education

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Number of people who learned how to conserve invertebrates through our outreach and education programs.

Acres of farmland protected

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Population(s) Served

Farmers

Related Program

Pollinator Program

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

New acres of farmland that are Bee Better Certified

Area of land, in hectares, indirectly controlled by the organization and under sustainable cultivation or sustainable stewardship

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Pesticide Reduction Program

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Holding steady

Context Notes

Western rangeland protected from large-scale insecticide use

Number of critically endangered species for which conservation measures have been launched or supported

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Endangered Species Program

Type of Metric

Context - describing the issue we work on

Direction of Success

Decreasing

Context Notes

Xerces' work supports all endangered invertebrates. As of 2023, there are 538 invertrebrate species listed as officially endangered. Of all evaluated insect species, 5.7% are listed as endangered.

Number of national media pieces on the topic

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Community Engagement

Type of Metric

Outcome - describing the effects on people or issues

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

This is the first time in a few years the Xerces Societys overall media reach has declined. On closer inspection, this is due entirely to a single blockbuster story in 2022.

Number of trainees successfully carrying out desired practices at least once to appropriate problems

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Related Program

Community Engagement

Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Xerces began the Amabassador program in 2019 with 13 volunteers. By 2023 this number has grown to 73 Ambassador volunteers with over 1.6K people reached in 2022 by ambassador engagements.

Area of land, in hectares, directly controlled by the organization and under sustainable cultivation or sustainable stewardship

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success

Increasing

Context Notes

Bee City USA and Bee Campus USA work with communities to sustain pollinators, in particular the more than 3,600 species of native bees in this country, by increasing the abundance of native plants.

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation is an international nonprofit organization that protects the natural world through the conservation of invertebrates and their habitats. As a science-based organization, we both conduct our own research and rely upon the most up-to-date information to guide our conservation work. Our key program areas are: pollinator conservation, endangered species conservation, and reducing pesticide use and impacts. Scroll on to learn more about our work!

Our scientists seek to minimize the threats pesticides pose to invertebrates by advocating reduced usage, safer products, and more effective evaluation and regulation—including by providing support to communities in the process of adopting pesticide reduction plans. In the realm of pollinator conservation, we work with federal agencies to incorporate the needs of pollinators and other invertebrates into national conservation programs. We engage lawmakers to pass legislation to improve habitat for invertebrates. We also promote invertebrate protection under the Endangered Species Act and other federal and state laws.

The Xerces Society is a trusted source for science-based information and advice and plays a leading role in promoting the conservation of pollinators and many other invertebrates. We collaborate with people and institutions at all levels and our work to protect bees, butterflies, freshwater mussels and other invertebrates encompasses all landscapes. Our team draws together experts from the fields of habitat restoration, entomology, plant ecology, education, farming, and conservation biology with a single passion: Protecting the life that sustains us.

Recent Accomplishments:

The first bee listed as endangered in the continental United States. In 2017, the rusty patched bumble bee (Bombus affinis) was afforded protection under the Endangered Species Act.

Protection for one of North America's rarest butterflies, the island marble (Euchloe ausonides insulana) in 2018.

As of October 2021, 273 Bee City USA and Bee Campus USA affiliates in 44 states are improving habitat for pollinators.

Over one million acres of habitat for monarch butterflies have been restored or created due to our advocacy to attain endangered species protection for this beloved species.

More than ten-thousand people have signed the Pollinator Protection Pledge, creating a network of pollinator advocates that extends beyond the United States.

Engaged thousands of volunteers in community science projects, including Bumble Bee Watch, Western Monarch Milkweed Mapper, and Western Monarch Thanksgiving Count, a two-decade-old project that has documented the decline of the monarch butterfly in western North America.

Over six-thousand Bee City USA volunteers have built 764 pollinator habitat projects across the country.

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To identify and remedy poor client service experiences, To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We collect feedback from the people we serve at least annually, We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We look for patterns in feedback based on demographics (e.g., race, age, gender, etc.), We look for patterns in feedback based on people’s interactions with us (e.g., site, frequency of service, etc.), We engage the people who provide feedback in looking for ways we can improve in response, We act on the feedback we receive

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    We don't have any major challenges to collecting feedback

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
NET GAIN/LOSS:    in 
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

6.45

Average of 4.06 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

9.9

Average of 10.1 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

37%

Average of 27% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of XERCES SOCIETY INC’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $802,523 $638,213 $827,184 $1,241,895 $1,233,264
As % of expenses 20.6% 14.1% 16.5% 25.0% 16.2%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $798,658 $633,521 $823,209 $1,237,459 $1,224,247
As % of expenses 20.4% 14.0% 16.5% 24.9% 16.1%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $5,255,688 $5,291,523 $6,311,044 $6,129,412 $8,752,833
Total revenue, % change over prior year 23.4% 0.7% 19.3% -2.9% 0.0%
Program services revenue 12.4% 14.8% 12.1% 11.4% 11.1%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.5% 1.2% 1.8% 1.7% 0.5%
Government grants 20.8% 17.1% 18.7% 21.2% 22.4%
All other grants and contributions 65.5% 66.4% 67.2% 63.8% 64.3%
Other revenue 0.7% 0.6% 0.3% 1.8% 1.7%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $3,902,690 $4,533,527 $4,999,732 $4,965,136 $7,604,848
Total expenses, % change over prior year 7.0% 16.2% 10.3% -0.7% 0.0%
Personnel 78.9% 74.5% 76.1% 80.9% 77.3%
Professional fees 2.9% 5.2% 4.9% 4.6% 5.0%
Occupancy 2.2% 2.2% 2.0% 2.1% 1.1%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 0.4% 0.6% 0.2% 0.8% 0.1%
All other expenses 15.6% 17.6% 16.8% 11.6% 16.5%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $3,906,555 $4,538,219 $5,003,707 $4,969,572 $7,613,865
One month of savings $325,224 $377,794 $416,644 $413,761 $633,737
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Fixed asset additions $8,553 $8,701 $0 $15,458 $31,826
Total full costs (estimated) $4,240,332 $4,924,714 $5,420,351 $5,398,791 $8,279,428

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2022
Months of cash 13.9 13.9 15.8 15.3 9.9
Months of cash and investments 14.8 14.6 16.6 22.9 18.9
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 10.7 10.9 11.8 14.9 16.5
Balance sheet composition info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2022
Cash $4,524,202 $5,242,708 $6,592,186 $6,346,758 $6,270,568
Investments $300,999 $281,345 $332,361 $3,120,807 $5,719,391
Receivables $779,332 $1,060,606 $914,630 $740,483 $2,360,278
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $52,112 $57,606 $57,606 $72,023 $98,737
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 80.2% 75.1% 82.0% 70.3% 43.6%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 19.6% 20.5% 16.0% 23.9% 12.7%
Unrestricted net assets $3,485,478 $4,118,999 $4,942,208 $6,179,667 $10,498,650
Temporarily restricted net assets $1,138,709 $1,242,693 N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $1,138,709 $1,242,693 $1,794,749 $1,754,508 $2,444,002
Total net assets $4,624,187 $5,361,692 $6,736,957 $7,934,175 $12,942,652

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2022
Material data errors No No No No No

Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Documents
Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Executive Director

Scott Black

Scott Black is an internationally renowned conservationist who has been at the forefront of the conservation movement for three decades. He is executive director of the Xerces Society, which under his leadership has become the premier invertebrate conservation organization in North America. Scott’s work has led to protection and restoration of habitat on millions of acres of rangelands, forests, and farmland as well as protection for many endangered species. He is an author of the best-selling Attracting Native Pollinators and Gardening for Butterflies and has written more than two hundred other publications, including a recent chapter on climate change and insects. His work has been honored with several awards, including the 2011 Colorado State University College of Agricultural Sciences Honor Alumnus Award, the U.S. Forest Service Wings Across the Americas 2012 Butterfly Conservation Award and the 2019 Wings Across the Americas International Research Partnership Award.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Compensation
Other
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Compensation data
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XERCES SOCIETY INC

Highest paid employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Compensation
Other
Related
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Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of highest paid employee data for this organization

XERCES SOCIETY INC

Board of directors
as of 02/20/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Beth Robertson-Martin

Retired

Sacha Spector

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Linda Craig

Casey Sclar

American Public Gardens Association

Beth Robertson-Martin

Shine Sourcing Solutions

Rachael Winfree

Rutgers University

Jay Withgott

Betsy López-Wagner

López-Wagner Strategies

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes