Human Rights

aka Fundación Cristosal   |   Burlington, VT   |
GuideStar Charity Check


EIN: 03-0366224


We work to defend human rights and promote democratic rule of law in Central America.

Ruling year info


Executive Director

Noah Bullock

Main address

P.O. Box 4424

Burlington, VT 05401-4424 USA

Show more contact info



Subject area info

Human rights

Unknown or not classified

Population served info


Low-income people

Victims and oppressed people

Unemployed people

NTEE code info

Unknown (Z99)

IRS subsection

501(c)(3) Public Charity

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

Tax forms


Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

The Northern Triangle of Central America—El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras—is one of the most violent regions of the world. An unprecedented humanitarian crisis is unfolding in the region, as thousands of families are forcibly displaced by violence committed by gangs, criminal organizations, and government forces. In 2016, El Salvador was second only to Syria in the per capita level of internal displacement by violence. Today's human rights crisis follows a pattern of unprosecuted crimes.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Victim Assistance

Comprehensive victim assistance is a fundamental part of any process of enforcing human rights. Cristosal promotes the empowerment of victims of human rights violations and victims with protection needs through personalized plans for getting victims back on their feet and works with communities to create systems of protection. We use a psychosocial approach that seeks to strengthen the capacity of individuals, families and communities to access justice and work towards structural change. We also engage government institutions to fulfill their obligations to guarantee victims’ rights. We call this “activating the State”

Population(s) Served
LGBTQ people
At-risk youth
Immigrants and migrants
Incarcerated people
Victims and oppressed people

Cristosal has legal teams in each of the three counties where we work. Their legal work focuses on strategic litigation that will directly impact the rights of excluded and vulnerable groups in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. Strategic litigation can include representing victims in judicial proceedings as well as directly activating the courts to respond to human rights vioaltions.

Cristosal provides legal assistance and support to victims of forced displacement and people who have been deported who have needs for protection. We support the LGBTIQ+ community by bringing legal action in cases of hate crimes, we seek legal recourse for the improved conditions and treatment of incarcerated people as well as those who have been victimized by police brutality or other abuse of authority. We provide legal support to the victims of crimes against humanity in ongoing proceedings.

Population(s) Served
Victims and oppressed people
LGBTQ people
Immigrants and migrants
Incarcerated people

Human rights violations, by definition, are an abuse on the part of those who have the responsibility to protect and guarantee rights. Sharing the evidence of those abuses requires research with and for the affected people. Cristosal's research provides a forum for understanding the impacts of of those violations, an analysis of where the State has failed to protect and a voice for change centered on the victims' experience.

The goal of our research is to ensure that the State fulfills its responsibilities and guarantees justice for the victims of human rights violations. We do this through research partnerships, reporting platforms, participatory action research and case verification.

Among the main areas of research are: forced internal displacement and migration; rights violations against LGBTIQ+ people; the rule of law, citizen security, corruption and impunity in State institutions; and the rights of incarcerated people.

Population(s) Served

The Human Rights Education Program and the Global School of Human Rights use dialogue, experience-based and horizontal learning as tools for promoting the empowerment of victims in their rights and to strengthen the community of allies and leaders for human rights. We promote dialogue and learning throughout the Americas to build solidarity and allyship across sectors, borders and cultures.

Our programming includes workshops, seminars, certificate and training programs, offering learning opportunities on several important topics in human rights. The different training methods all share a participatory and dialogical approach in which the participants and facilitators contribute to each other’s raise public awareness and equip leaders to promote and defend human rights.

Our strategic communications includes campaigns and messaging to educated about human rights and motivate people to work for societies in which everyone's rights are respected.

Population(s) Served
LGBTQ people
Women and girls
Immigrants and migrants
Incarcerated people
Victims and oppressed people
LGBTQ people
Women and girls
Immigrants and migrants
Incarcerated people
Victims and oppressed people

Where we work

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Cristosal is a human rights organization working to advance human rights in Central America through rights-based research, learning, and programing. We come alongside victims of violence to provide protection when they need it most, repair the lingering effects of human rights violations, and build human rights environments to create conditions where peace is possible.

Cristosal operates throughout the Northern Triangle of Central America. In addition to El Salvador, we work in Guatemala and Honduras to:
-Monitor forced displacement by violence
-Pilot models for humanitarian, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of human rights violations
-Pilot models for sustainable, community-based victim protection and assistance

Led by accomplished and innovative Program Coordinators, Cristosal works within four fields: Victim Advocacy, Strategic Litigation, Community Development, Research and Learning.

Victim Advocacy: We provided humanitarian, legal, and/or psychosocial assistance to victims of violence. Our protection and assistance programs are part of our strategy to build replicable models of victim protection. In 2017, Cristosal provided assistance to 638 victims.

Strategic Litigation: Our strategic litigation program uses lawsuits to advance processes of legal, social, or other human rights change that goes beyond the immediate goals of the complainant. Currently, Cristosal is supporting the prosecution of the 1981 El Mozote massacre, one of the largest unprosecuted war crimes in the world, and the 1982 El Calabozo massacre.

Community Development: This program makes it possible for families forcibly displaced by violence to reclaim their life plan in safe communities. We also work to mitigate the deepest roots of forced displacement by building environments in which all people can exercise their human rights.

Research and Learning: The Cristosal Center for Research and Learning promotes learning and publishes knowledge on human development and security within a human rights framework. Our goal is to build meaningful solutions by identifying and elevating the voices of actors from a number of vulnerable groups, including prisoners, members of the LGBT community, and Central American asylum-seekers.

We also host intercultural Global School seminars in El Salvador. The Global School creates opportunities for community, religious, student and professional leaders from different cultural backgrounds to engage with one another and learn together how to promote and defend human rights through the lens of Salvadoran experience. We also host intercultural Global School seminars in El Salvador. The Global School creates opportunities for community, religious, student and professional leaders from different cultural backgrounds to engage with one another and learn together how to promote and defend human rights through the lens of Salvadoran experience.

In 2017 alone:
Cristosal assisted 638 victims of violence. 5% of whom were fleeing violence caused by military or police, and 57% of whom were 25 years old or younger.

Cristosal's Strategic Litigation (one of the only of its kind in the region) filed 4 supreme court cases on behalf of families displaced by violence, and made strides in the historic El Mozote trial - the first war crime to be tried in Salvadoran courts.

Cristosal's Community Development program reintegrated 20 internally displaced families into Salvadoran communities, and continued working with 10 communities to build local victim protection and assistance programs.

Cristosal's Program for Research and Learning hosted 11 week-long participative learning Global School seminars in El Salvador. The program graduated 84 North American Alumni and 31 Salvadoran Alumni.


Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31
Financial documents
2021 Cristosal, Inc. 2020 Cristosal, Inc. 2018 Cristosal 2018 A-133 Single Audit
done  Yes, financials were audited by an independent accountant. info

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2021 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 3.31 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2021 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 3.5 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2021 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 11% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of Cristosal’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $171,691 $9,749 -$30,417 $64,685 $1,007,191
As % of expenses 18.2% 0.5% -1.2% 4.1% 41.4%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $161,739 -$7,228 -$41,815 $43,507 $986,699
As % of expenses 17.0% -0.4% -1.7% 2.7% 40.2%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $1,115,202 $1,973,155 $2,416,408 $1,911,210 $3,164,233
Total revenue, % change over prior year 71.6% 76.9% 22.5% -20.9% 65.6%
Program services revenue 9.0% 3.2% 9.8% 2.9% 1.2%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 25.0% 42.6% 36.8% 0.0% 0.0%
All other grants and contributions 65.6% 53.6% 53.2% 96.6% 98.6%
Other revenue 0.5% 0.6% 0.2% 0.4% 0.2%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $943,511 $1,815,588 $2,438,212 $1,569,104 $2,434,463
Total expenses, % change over prior year 44.8% 92.4% 34.3% -35.6% 55.1%
Personnel 54.3% 60.8% 54.3% 74.3% 58.6%
Professional fees 3.6% 1.9% 9.7% 4.5% 4.5%
Occupancy 4.3% 3.2% 1.6% 0.0% 2.6%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 25.2% 17.6% 13.1% 11.8% 16.6%
All other expenses 12.6% 16.5% 21.3% 9.4% 17.7%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Total expenses (after depreciation) $953,463 $1,832,565 $2,449,610 $1,590,282 $2,454,955
One month of savings $78,626 $151,299 $203,184 $130,759 $202,872
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Fixed asset additions $74,267 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $1,106,356 $1,983,864 $2,652,794 $1,721,041 $2,657,827

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Months of cash 2.7 1.9 2.7 6.3 8.4
Months of cash and investments 2.7 1.9 2.7 6.3 8.4
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 2.7 1.5 0.9 3.1 7.0
Balance sheet composition info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Cash $210,677 $282,957 $552,646 $825,648 $1,711,650
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $92,888 $46,429 $37,436 $285,023 $211,594
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $84,885 $84,885 $84,711 $113,616 $113,616
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 12.4% 32.4% 45.9% 59.7% 77.7%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 29.4% 29.7% 6.9% 36.9% 26.3%
Unrestricted net assets $286,982 $279,754 $237,939 $452,321 $1,439,020
Temporarily restricted net assets $0 $600 N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 $0 N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $0 $600 $353,895 $277,421 $0
Total net assets $286,982 $280,354 $591,834 $729,742 $1,439,020

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Letter of Determination is not available for this organization
Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Executive Director

Noah Bullock

Noah sees at the heart of Cristosal’s mission the challenge to redefine human rights mechanisms and state responses to address today's human rights violations. “Human rights were taught to me as a historical process, and every generation has to be able to understand human rights and violations in their own time. Our moment has changed significantly from when these frameworks were established, so we are challenged now to find ways to apply these same principles in programming to address our moment’s greatest challenges of displacement by violence, poverty, and inequality.”

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990


Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.


Board of directors
as of 07/10/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Rev. Mike Angell

Greg Rickel

Norma Guerra

Geoffrey Curtiss

Mike Angell

Bob Wilson

Clare Nangle

Roger Jones

Lisa Fortuna

Steve Adams

Francisco Altschul

Santana Alvarado

Miguel Cruz

David Holiday

Beth McFadyen

Tatiana Obando

Shannon MacVean-Brown

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? No
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? No
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 7/8/2022

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender (cisgender)
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

No data

Gender identity

No data


No data

Sexual orientation

No data


No data