Phoenix, AZ   |
GuideStar Charity Check


EIN: 30-0760098


Centering harm reduction in Arizona through participant-driven advocacy, education, and outreach.

Ruling year info


Executive Director

Haley Coles

Main address

340 E Dunlap Ave

Phoenix, AZ 85020 USA

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Subject area info

Addiction services

Substance abuse treatment

Public health


Human services

Population served info


Homeless people

People with HIV/AIDS

Substance abusers

Sex workers

NTEE code info

Human Service Organizations (P20)

IRS subsection

501(c)(3) Public Charity

IRS filing requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

Tax forms

Show Forms 990


Programs and results

What we aim to solve

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Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Overdose Prevention and Naloxone Distribution

Since 2014, Sonoran Prevention Works' has been fighting for safety and survival of Arizonans who use drugs. In January 2017, SPW was awarded the single state contract to run the Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution program. Since then, Sonoran Prevention Works has held thousands of trainings in every county and on most tribal lands; distributed nearly half a million doses of naloxone, and received reports of over 20,000 overdose rescues from our kits.

Population(s) Served
Substance abusers
People with HIV/AIDS
Pregnant people
Economically disadvantaged people
Sex workers

This program builds stakeholder, policymaker, and public support for harm reduction initiatives at the local and state levels.

Population(s) Served
Sex workers
Economically disadvantaged people
Pregnant people
Substance abusers
People with HIV/AIDS

SPW's Harm Reduction Outreach Workers are certified peer support specialists who conduct outreach, HIV and hepatitis C testing, peer support, case management, and navigation to additional support services.

Population(s) Served

Where we work

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization


Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 9.20 over 6 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 1.2 over 6 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 19% over 6 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of SONORAN PREVENTION WORKS’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $217,916 $75,108 -$113,207 $322,309 $427,631
As % of expenses 28.0% 3.9% -6.5% 7.2% 8.8%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $217,916 $75,108 -$114,683 $320,833 $415,681
As % of expenses 28.0% 3.9% -6.6% 7.2% 8.5%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $1,011,438 $1,789,905 $1,787,042 $5,176,395 $5,068,026
Total revenue, % change over prior year 127.7% 77.0% -0.2% 189.7% -2.1%
Program services revenue 4.6% 87.6% 1.8% 0.4% 1.0%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 51.9% 10.9% 80.0% 90.5% 89.2%
All other grants and contributions 42.6% 1.5% 18.2% 2.4% 9.8%
Other revenue 0.9% 0.0% 0.0% 6.6% 0.0%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $777,959 $1,938,776 $1,742,575 $4,461,802 $4,866,351
Total expenses, % change over prior year 84.8% 149.2% -10.1% 156.0% 9.1%
Personnel 40.4% 56.6% 57.7% 30.9% 53.3%
Professional fees 1.0% 0.9% 8.1% 3.0% 10.5%
Occupancy 3.1% 2.5% 3.8% 1.8% 2.2%
Interest 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2%
Pass-through 22.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
All other expenses 32.8% 40.0% 30.4% 64.3% 33.8%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $777,959 $1,938,776 $1,744,051 $4,463,278 $4,878,301
One month of savings $64,830 $161,565 $145,215 $371,817 $405,529
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $38,502 $9,477 $0
Fixed asset additions $0 $14,267 $0 $0 $170,084
Total full costs (estimated) $842,789 $2,114,608 $1,927,768 $4,844,572 $5,453,914

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 2.9 0.5 1.4 1.6 0.2
Months of cash and investments 2.9 0.5 1.4 1.6 0.2
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 4.1 2.1 1.6 1.5 2.0
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $185,377 $78,475 $197,721 $609,864 $81,018
Investments $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Receivables $90,364 $430,871 $453,061 $550,473 $1,496,520
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $0 $14,759 $14,267 $14,759 $184,843
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 0.0% 3.3% 10.3% 23.3% 8.3%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 3.0% 36.6% 42.4% 7.9% 36.0%
Unrestricted net assets $267,559 $342,667 $227,984 $548,817 $964,498
Temporarily restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $0 $0 $157,674 $549,958 $324,002
Total net assets $267,559 $342,667 $385,658 $1,098,775 $1,288,500

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Executive Director

Haley Coles

Haley Coles has worked in the field of preventive health for people who use drugs since 2006 both in Arizona and Washington. She received awards from Governor Jay Inslee of Washington and the Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department in 2013 for her work in health literacy & access to care for vulnerable populations. Haley was instrumental in the drafting and passage of HB 2355, the naloxone access law, in 2016. She teaches overdose prevention curriculum to community members and law enforcement, and sat on the 2016 Governor's Substance Abuse Task Force, the HIV Statewide Advisory Group, the Arizona Opiate Treatment Coalition, and the Injury Prevention Advisory Council. She is a Robert Wood Johnson Culture of Health Leader.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990


Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization


Highest paid employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of highest paid employee data for this organization


Board of directors
as of 02/10/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Michael White

Hushabye Nursery

Serena Lobo

Joshua Sprunger

Ryane Griffis

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 1/27/2023

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Female, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or Straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation


Equity strategies

Last updated: 03/02/2021

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We disaggregate data to adjust programming goals to keep pace with changing needs of the communities we support.
Policies and processes
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We have community representation at the board level, either on the board itself or through a community advisory board.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.