Mangrove Action Project

For the mangroves and the mangrove communities

aka MAP   |   Seattle, WA   |
GuideStar Charity Check

Mangrove Action Project

EIN: 20-0833537


Partnering with mangrove forest communities, grassroots NGOs, researchers and local governments to conserve and restore mangrove forests and related coastal ecosystems, while promoting community-based, sustainable management of coastal resources.

Ruling year info


Executive Director

Dr. Dominic Wodehouse

Main address

1455 NW Leary Way Suite 400

Seattle, WA 98107 USA

Show more contact info



Subject area info


Environmental and resource rights

Population served info

Children and youth


Indigenous peoples

Low-income people


NTEE code info

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (C01)

Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation and Management (C32)

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Healthy mangrove forests play an important role in carbon sequestration—they account for nearly a third of the world's terrestrial carbon stores. Intact mangroves form a natural coastline protection shield against floods, storms or other natural disasters. Beyond these irreplaceable ecosystem services, mangroves also provide important socio-economic benefits to coastal communities. In regions where the forest has been destroyed, local rural communities are left without traditional livelihoods and shelter. A huge diversity of flora and fauna call mangroves home, including some endangered species like the Bengal Tiger. In spite of those important functions, more than 50% of global mangrove forests have been destroyed in the past century, mainly caused by human development. Reforestation programs in these areas would therefore rebuild this protection and increase the potential for sustainable development, and conservation programs would prevent future losses.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Building a Global Mangrove Network from the Mangrove Roots Upwards

Witnessing firsthand the rapid devastation of the world's mangrove forest wetlands and their associated coastal ecosystems, the founders of the Mangrove Action Project (MAP) decided in 1992 that it was time to form a global network to save the mangroves. MAP has grown steadily during the last 24 years to become a respected member of the global environmental movement. MAP's international network has grown to include over 450 NGOs and 300 scientists and academics from 60 nations. In recent years, MAP has transformed from a network- and advocacy-focused organization into one still involved in advocacy, but with programs and activities on the ground, supported through a local office in Thailand.

MAP's pro-active five-pronged approach to long-term mangrove conservation involves: education, advocacy, collaboration, conservation and restoration, and sustainable community-based development.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Working alongside mangrove ecologists, local NGOs, and communities, MAP promotes the Community-Based 'Ecological – hydrological’ Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) methodology, an economical and efficient way to mangrove restoration that follows basic natural processes. This well-considered model directly engages local community participation, and has proven extremely successful. Reaching far beyond mere hand planting of one species, as is sadly typical of mangrove restoration projects, CBEMR greatly increases the effective restoration of biodiversity to ecosystem-wide degraded mangrove forests. Natural restoration and/or manual planting of mangroves utilizing the EMR model is an important tool for international relief organizations to implement in order to restore mangroves in a cost effective manner to counter increased storm surges and rising seas

The Basic Principles of Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration:
1. A proper involvement of community members and any other relevant agencies should be ensured during the whole process
2. Understand the autecology (individual species ecology) of the mangrove species at the site; in particular, the patterns of reproduction, propagule distribution, and successful seedling establishment
3. Understand the normal hydrological patterns that control the distribution and successful establishment of growth of targeted mangroves species
4. Assess disturbances and modifications of the original mangrove environment that currently prevent natural secondary succession (recovery after damage)
5. Design the restoration program to restore appropriate hydrology and, if possible, utilize natural volunteer mangroves propagule recruitment for plant establishment
6. Implement the restoration plan using the natural nearby mangroves as a reference model
7. Only utilize the actual planting of propagules, collected seeds, or cultivated seedlings after determining (through steps 1-5) that natural recruitment will not provide the quantity of successfully established seedlings, rate of stabilization, or rate of growth of saplings defined as objective for the restoration project
8. Design and follow a long-term monitoring plan (usually for 3-5 years) which is critical to ensuring the success of the restoration project.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Educating the future decision-makers in each nation containing mangroves is vital if we hope to conserve these unique ecosystems. MAP’s curriculum, "Marvellous
Mangroves” was first adapted twelve years, from hands-on science-based programs and activities.  We have received overwhelming expressions of interest in our new curriculum from throughout the tropical world. MAP will be implementing the introduction of the curriculum through a
"train-the-trainer" process where MAP staff will train key teachers in each country. MAP's interactive 300-page Mangrove Curriculum is now in China, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Honduras, Guatemala, Cayman Islands and Colombia.

It is necessary to translate and adapt to the flora and fauna for each country where the curriculum is introduced. We want to expand the reach of this important educational tool to reach more children in more nations.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

The leading cause of mangrove destruction is the meteoric growth of the shrimp farming industry in the developing world – 35% of all mangrove deforestation is caused by development for shrimp ponds. In an effort to produce cheap shrimp, mangroves and their accompanying ecosystem services are stripped from coastlines and replaced by open system shrimp farms that pollute the surrounding environment.

The Question Your Shrimp campaign is currently working to gather support from restaurants, chefs, retailers, and consumers who are pledging not to serve or buy unhealthy imported shrimp. By raising awareness and changing consumer demand in the U.S. (currently, the #1 consumer of imported shrimp), the campaign strives to reduce mangrove deforestation and oppression of coastal communities overseas.

Population(s) Served

Where we work


Winner - Myanmar 2015

Energy Globe Award

Advancing Environmental Sustainability 2020

.ORG Impact Awards

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

1. Educate individuals, organizations, and governments that successful mangrove restoration is done through community involvement and hydrological restoration, not mangrove plantations
2. Educate individuals (of all ages), organizations, and governments about the existence and local-to-global impact of mangrove forests
3. Train CBEMR practitioners and help them leverage local resources to maintain and expand restorations
4. Enact or enforce mangrove conservation and restoration through policy/legal means
5. Reverse the rate of global loss of mangroves, and restore damaged mangrove areas.

1. Conduct Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) trainings globally
a. Provide education and theoretical training to NGOs, governments, and related organizations on either a partnership or consulting basis, targeting both small and large NGOs with mangrove conservation or restoration programs
b. Utilize the regional MAP-Asia office to support restoration work with local communities. From this office, regional CBEMR demonstration sites; and networking and education of regional organizations, including governments and universities, can be executed. These sites can also be a demonstration of the importance and success of the CBEMR method to global partners to shift the paradigm of restoration away from a hectare-by-hectare basis.
c. Implement a capacity-building network in the 9 existing CBEMR communities MAP has relationships with, utilising training, mentoring, coaching and hands-on leadership and co-training opportunities with study tour groups, workshops, and information sessions with target group, in order for CBEMR to become the preferred method for mangrove restoration.
2. Expand the implementation of the Marvellous Mangroves (MM) Curriculum for primary school students locally and regionally, both in existing locations and prospective ones
a. Encourage interaction between schools across the globe through the MM Forum
b. Fundamentally demonstrate the impact and importance of fully-integrated environmental education
3. Conduct train-the-trainers workshops for CBEMR
a. Develop a logistics manual, and a teaching manual
4. Use evidence of sustainable mangrove restoration to educate policy-makers and provide them with opportunities for training and guidance to implement successful programs.
a. Train communities and CBEMR practitioners in advocacy, policy development, and legal engagement

MAP's CBEMR and Mangrove Education Teams are well-versed in training others in mangrove conservation and restoration. With over 3 decades of dedicated work on mangrove-relate issues and an established global network, MAP is i n a good position to move forward in reversing the decline of mangrove wetlands and more effectively ensure their more long term and productive restoration and maintenance.

In 2019 already, we have held two education workshops training teachers and eco-tour guides in Suriname and French Guyana, with another workshop planned in Sinaloa, Mexico next November. We also will have held 3 CBEMR training workshops in Tanzania, Myanmar and Madagascar before year's end. These workshops include intensive training and implementation of our CBEMR "best practices" methods. MAP also arranged for a mangrove assessment tour last May in the Maldives, working with both government and local NGOs.

MAP's international network and public outreach and advocacy are distinguishing features of our network efficiencies.


Mangrove Action Project
Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 0.77 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 1.9 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 2% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Mangrove Action Project

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Mangrove Action Project

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Mangrove Action Project

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of Mangrove Action Project’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

Created in partnership with

Business model indicators

Profitability info 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $85,123 -$91,371
As % of expenses 33.8% -20.3%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $85,123 -$91,371
As % of expenses 33.8% -20.3%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $309,144 $676,725
Total revenue, % change over prior year 0.0% 118.9%
Program services revenue 0.0% 7.5%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.0% 0.0%
Government grants 0.0% 0.0%
All other grants and contributions 90.3% 92.5%
Other revenue 9.7% 0.0%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $251,521 $449,383
Total expenses, % change over prior year 0.0% 78.7%
Personnel 22.7% 24.5%
Professional fees 48.6% 55.9%
Occupancy 0.5% 0.2%
Interest 1.0% 0.4%
Pass-through 19.5% 5.9%
All other expenses 7.7% 13.1%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $251,521 $449,383
One month of savings $20,960 $37,449
Debt principal payment $0 $0
Fixed asset additions $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $272,481 $486,832

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2021 2022
Months of cash 7.9 11.0
Months of cash and investments 7.9 11.0
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 4.9 0.3
Balance sheet composition info 2021 2022
Cash $166,294 $410,444
Investments $0 $0
Receivables $223 $0
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $0 $0
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 0.0% 0.0%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 38.2% 19.8%
Unrestricted net assets $102,946 $11,575
Temporarily restricted net assets N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $0 $317,472
Total net assets $102,946 $329,047

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2021 2022
Material data errors No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Executive Director

Dr. Dominic Wodehouse

After 10 years in advertising in London, Kiev, Jakarta and Bangkok for various multinational agencies, Dominic changed direction to follow a passion for trees and forests. He worked as a professional arborist in the UK while taking an MSc in Sustainable Development at Imperial College London/SOAS to facilitate a move into mangrove conservation. From 2006, he was a mangrove technical officer for Wetlands International and at the same time volunteered with MAP, assisting field projects in Thailand. Between 2011-19 he has taught Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration for MAP in Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar (2011, 2017, 2019), Colombia, Suriname, Tanzania (2019, 2020), Senegal and Honduras (2014, 2015) while at the same time writing a part-time PhD at Bangor University (UK), studying community mangrove management and restoration. On completion of his doctorate in 2019, he moved into the Executive Director role within MAP. Dominic is a member of the IUCN Mangrove Specialist Group.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

Mangrove Action Project

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.

Mangrove Action Project

Board of directors
as of 02/23/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Mr. Roger de Freitas

Roger de Freitas

D. Graham Andrews

Sherry Manning

John Cowan

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Not applicable
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? No
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Not applicable
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 7/13/2021

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation

No data


No data

Equity strategies

Last updated: 07/13/2021

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We review compensation data across the organization (and by staff levels) to identify disparities by race.