Advancing Adult Literacy in NY since 1974

aka LNY   |   Cheektowaga, NY   |
GuideStar Charity Check


EIN: 16-6171654


We increase the effectiveness of adult literacy practitioners and the capacity of programs so that adults, families, and communities reach their full potential. Our role-- We: Build the organizational capacity of adult literacy organizations by sharing expertise about funding and data management Offer state-of-the-art training for teachers, administrators, and volunteer tutors Advocate for adult literacy programs, particularly those that serve students with the most limited literacy skills and English language proficiency Our vision: In New York State and beyond, innovative adult literacy programs collaborate to meet the literacy needs of adult students in their communities.

Ruling year info


Principal Officer

Kathy Houghton

Main address

303 Cayuga Rd. Suite 180

Cheektowaga, NY 14225 USA

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Formerly known as

Literacy Volunteers of New York State



Subject area info

Adult education

Adult literacy

Reading promotion


Population served info



NTEE code info

Adult, Continuing Education (B60)

Remedial Reading, Reading Encouragement (B92)

Nonprofit Management (S50)

Programs and results

What we aim to solve

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Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

State Technical Assistance Center (STAC)

Literacy New York was awarded the Rest of State (ROS) State Technical Assistance Center (STAC) grant in 2020 for five years of funding.
This NYS Education Department funding underwrites technical assistance and support for a group of locally-based literacy providers in community and college settings across New York State.
The majority of these programs employ the use of volunteers in their programming, and LNY specializes in offering management and training tools for this cohort.

 Program Data Support: LNY monitors program data for all 35 local sites, providing monthly reviews and targeted “action steps” via email to each agency, each month, helping them to meet their Adult Literacy Education (ALE) contract deliverables.

LNY offers periodic webinars to the ALE funded cohort with the NYS Director of Accountability, covering all aspects of our NYS Reporting System (NYRS) responsibilities. LNY also meets with the NYS Education Department periodically to review program data. LNY works closely with programs
placed in corrective action by NYSED, offering technical assistance.

 Program Support in the use of Volunteers/Teachers: LNY supports all ROS ALE funded programs with online tutor/teacher training in multiple content areas, under the Intake to Outcomes (I2O) umbrella.
LNY’s online I2O suite of workshops is extensive (Reading Basics; Language Basics; Math Basics; Numeracy; Employability Soft Skills; Successful Tutoring; Reading Skills and Concepts; Successful remote Tutoring, Citizenship Coach; Board of Directors training). LNY
supports all aspects of the online training, from enrolling potential tutors, monitoring progress, and answering technical and content questions.
LNY also supports programs with volunteer management, offering promising practices in volunteer recruitment and retention.

 Literacy Coordinator Training: LNY offers online training to all new program staff via the I2O online training platform that covers the “nuts and bolts” of local program management: data collection and reporting; tutor and
teacher training; adult learner support.

 Program Support for local Boards of Directors/Grants Management: LNY acts as a resource to local program boards, assisting them in understanding the NYS Education Department requirements of their Adult Literacy Education grants. LNY also provides technical assistance around
grant submission, amendments, annual budgets, filings, etc.

 LNY @ White Eagle Conference: LNY holds an annual gathering of programs at the White Eagle Conference Center in Hamilton, NY. The conference focus is capacity building, and activities and workshops reflect that focus each year.

LNY's goal is to ensure that ALE-funded programs implement sound volunteer and financial management practices, and provide quality instruction that will offer
learners, tutors, and instructors the greatest chance for success.

Population(s) Served

Literacy New York is funded by the NYS Education Department to operate two Regional Adult Education Networks (RAENs) - one in Western New York (WNY RAEN) and the other in the Capital Region of the state (Capital North RAEN.

 The goal of the RAEN system is to provide research-based professional development resources to improve the skills of adult education practitioners and the quality of the adult education, family literacy and workforce development programs funded by NYSED.

 RAENs provide professional development to school and BOCES based adult education providers conforming to the National Reporting Systems (NRS) accountability system. Professional development is provided in: accountability, network building, digital literacy and distance learning,
Learning to Achieve, Literacy Zones, and assessment to improve practitioner's skills in order to meet or exceed statewide benchmarks on core indicators

 RAENs serve as a complement to the capacity building services that Literacy New York delivers to community based literacy providers. RAENs work directly with staff of these organizations, ensuring that all staff have the
highest quality training and certification available, resulting in expert adult literacy practitioners.

Population(s) Served

Intake to Outcomes (I2O) is Literacy New York's online training platform and houses volunteer and staff training created specifically for literacy programs. For programs that use volunteer tutors, I2O builds capacity, equipping them to offer tutor training "on demand", as potential volunteers connect with local literacy providers. Workshops are asynchronous, so tutors can complete them on their own schedules. They are facilitated by experienced LNY trainers, and help is just an "ask" button away for participants should they have questions or issues. I2O has allowed for consistency and quality in tutor training, regardless of the site-- all tutors in the system are getting evidence-based, current information and strategies around serving adult Basic Literacy and English Language learners. LNY also offers staff training on the I2O platform, which lets directors connect new hires with valuable information right away.

Population(s) Served

Founded in September 2019, the Janice Cuddahee Fund honors the memory of a literacy advocate who enjoyed a long career with Literacy New York, culminating in her leading the organization as Executive Director. Janice Cuddahee's lifetime of service to Literacy NY made our New York network the best in the nation. Janice was, as so many have said, a literacy warrior. She fought for literacy learners; she fought for the role of well-trained volunteers in adult education; she fought for NY State funding; and she fought for increased public awareness of low-level adult literacy in our state and across the nation. Sadly, we lost Janice to cancer in April, 2019.
Janice's passion formed the foundation for the first project of the Janice Cuddahee Fund: The Janice Cuddahee Tutor Support Program. Contributions allow Literacy New York to underwrite the costs of online tutor training workshops for deserving literacy programs.

Population(s) Served

Where we work

Our Sustainable Development Goals

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn more about Sustainable Development Goals.


Fiscal year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 3.30 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 3 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2023 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 17% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data


Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jul 01 - Jun 30

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of LITERACY NEW YORK INC’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

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Business model indicators

Profitability info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation $33,293 $20,439 $80,837 $22,624 $13,773
As % of expenses 3.5% 2.4% 10.4% 2.6% 1.5%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation $20,884 $6,163 $68,830 $11,742 $6,605
As % of expenses 2.2% 0.7% 8.7% 1.3% 0.7%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $985,866 $858,210 $858,079 $898,413 $917,708
Total revenue, % change over prior year 9.1% -12.9% 0.0% 4.7% 2.1%
Program services revenue 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4.5% 2.6%
Membership dues 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 0.1% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4%
Government grants 92.4% 95.7% 86.9% 93.9% 94.4%
All other grants and contributions 7.5% 2.1% 1.6% 1.4% 1.3%
Other revenue 0.0% 2.2% 11.5% 0.2% 1.4%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $952,299 $837,771 $777,242 $875,789 $902,327
Total expenses, % change over prior year 5.0% -12.0% -7.2% 12.7% 3.0%
Personnel 57.2% 57.3% 71.0% 60.2% 61.6%
Professional fees 1.2% 0.6% 0.7% 0.0% 0.5%
Occupancy 5.4% 5.7% 6.0% 5.4% 1.9%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pass-through 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
All other expenses 36.2% 36.5% 22.3% 34.4% 36.0%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Total expenses (after depreciation) $964,708 $852,047 $789,249 $886,671 $909,495
One month of savings $79,358 $69,814 $64,770 $72,982 $75,194
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $96,200 $0 $0
Fixed asset additions $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $1,044,066 $921,861 $950,219 $959,653 $984,689

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Months of cash 1.7 4.0 7.3 4.8 1.2
Months of cash and investments 2.0 4.0 7.3 4.8 3.6
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 5.1 6.3 7.5 6.9 6.8
Balance sheet composition info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Cash $137,380 $279,814 $475,169 $351,204 $88,603
Investments $19,908 $0 $0 $0 $183,392
Receivables $280,726 $315,594 $99,332 $207,079 $277,570
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $102,745 $114,527 $118,793 $123,634 $116,098
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 71.9% 77.4% 81.9% 85.5% 90.8%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 8.3% 29.9% 15.7% 11.2% 15.8%
Unrestricted net assets $432,631 $438,794 $507,624 $519,366 $523,407
Temporarily restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $0 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total net assets $432,631 $438,794 $507,624 $519,366 $523,407

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Principal Officer

Kathy Houghton

Kathy Houghton is the Executive Director of Literacy New York. In this position, she creates, implements, and monitors systems and procedures to ensure delivery of grant and project deliverables, and supports staff in meeting outcomes. Prior to becoming Literacy NY's Executive Director, Kathy was the Director of Program Services for Literacy NY for 12 years. Kathy has over fifteen years of experience in providing capacity building and training to the adult education field. Her knowledge of “real world” adult education issues is a plus, and allows her to connect with participants in looking for ways to improve teaching and learning. Kathy holds a B.A. from Skidmore College and an M.A. from the University of North Florida.

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990


Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.


Board of directors
as of 01/19/2024
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Kelli Johnson

John Eberle

The Community Foundation for the Greater Capital Region

Joseph Campbell

Franklin-Essex-Hamilton BOCES

Patricia Rajala

Literacy Solutions

Kelli Johnson

The Reading League

Mary Ellen Darling

Darling Tree Farm

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? Yes