Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Connecting People to Nature

aka Rhode Island Audubon   |   Smithfield, RI   |
GuideStar Charity Check

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

EIN: 05-0265675


To protect birds, other wildlife and their habitats through conservation, education and advocacy, for the benefit of people and all other life

Ruling year info


Executive Director

Mr. Jeffrey Hall

Main address

12 Sanderson Rd

Smithfield, RI 02917 USA

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Subject area info

Elementary education

Special needs education

STEM education

Early childhood education

Environmental justice

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Population served info

Children and youth


NTEE code info

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

Environmental Education and Outdoor Survival Programs (C60)

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (C01)

Programs and results

What we aim to solve

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

To ensure wild species and diverse habitat Audubon actively holds land, and secures the private and public funding needed to purchase and steward lands of important habitat value.

To enable environmental citizenship Audubon believes that people will care for what they value and will value those things that they perceive as important to their personal well-being or that of their loved ones. Audubon provides environmental education and the opportunity for people to experience the natural world.

To ensure environmentally protective public policy Audubon engages in public policy advocacy, collaborative policy making and lobbying.

Our programs

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Land Conservation

Rhode Island's largest private landowner. Permanently protecting nearly 9,500 acres of wildlife habitat.

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Rhode Island's largest environmental educator teaching schools children in every community in RI. Special emphasis on urban students and on after-school programing

Population(s) Served
Children and youth

Speaking for nature at the state house and town hall. Work to promote progressive environmental policies that protect birds and wildlife habitat with special emphasis on water quality.

Population(s) Served

Where we work

Our results

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

How does this organization measure their results? It's a hard question but an important one.

Average number of dollars received per donor

This metric is no longer tracked.
Totals By Year
Type of Metric

Output - describing our activities and reach

Direction of Success


Goals & Strategy

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Learn about the organization's key goals, strategies, capabilities, and progress.

Charting impact

Four powerful questions that require reflection about what really matters - results.

Conserve and steward land to preserve bird and wildlife habitat and related natural systems in RI.

Promote public policy that protects birds, wildlife and natural resources.

Develop an environmentally literate and motivated local populace that supports and promotes sustainable living and stewardship of our natural resources.

Invest in the necessary infrastructure to advance the mission of Aududon

Enhance financial and environmental sustainability to ensure continuity of Audubon's programs and services

Align governance with strategies to the mission of the Society

Strategies include ...

Conserve wildlife habitat and unique natural areas through acquisition or other means, with priority to contiguous properties with high ecological value.
Enable thriving populations of wild birds, plants and other wildlife by actively managing Audubon-owned lands with priority attention to declining species.
Enhance stewardship of RI's conserved lands by providing technical assistance to local land trusts.
Evaluate and prioritize Audubon holdings in order to manage as high quality habitat and/or educational experiences.
Lands lacking unique Audubon refuge habitat value may be considered for transfer to another conservation agency, honoring any existing donor restrictions.
Promoting and supporting state and local policies and initiatives that advance preservation of habitat and natural resources in RI.
Adapting to and mitigating the impact of climate change on birds, wildlife and natural resources.
Protecting natural water quality and availability.
Organize people from all races, ethnicities, cultures, languages, genders, ages, socioeconomics, physical challenges, sexual orientations, backgrounds or life experiences into a broader and more powerful environmental movement in RI.
Increase environmental literacy of policy-makers.
Produce public environmental education that shifts participants' attitudes and actions:
Continue to leverage opportunities resulting from state and national education curriculum reform aligned with Audubon's strategic priorities.
Educate youth through school programs and summer camps in alignment with
Champion Environmental Literacy in statewide school curriculums, especially those aspects that directly relate to birds/wildlife and habitat conservation.
Provide fun, engaging and informative public programs for adults and families that encourage a respect for and understanding of birds, wildlife and nature and move people to action.
Increase environmental literacy of policy makers within and outside of government.
Ensure adaptive systems and high quality staffing (paid and volunteer) in all areas of operation.
Engage a people from all races, ethnicities, cultures, languages, genders, ages, socioeconomics, physical challenges, sexual orientations, backgrounds or life experiences to participate in Audubon programs.
Achieve Land Trust Alliance accreditation – to help ensure the permanence of
Audubon's commitments to habitat protection.
Ensure safe, inviting, accessible and environmentally sustainable visitor centers.
Ensure safe, inviting, environmentally sustainable work environment for all ASRI employees and volunteers.
Invest in technology that advances the strategic plan.
Underwrite the gap in funding for education center and advocacy program.
Make Environmental Education Center at least revenue neutral.
Increase endowment.
Increase effectiveness of programs and services – eliminating those that do not directly relate to a unique Audubon mission.

Audubon Society of Rhode Island currently is Rhode Island's largest private land-owner, protecting nearly 9,500 acres of diverse wildlife habitat. Provides educational opportunities to school children throughout Rhode Island and has maintained a continued presence at the legislative and environmental regulatory agencies of the state.

Through a 3,500 plus active and engaged membership, 500-plus yearly volunteers and a fiscally prudent investment policy of Audubon's $16 million endowment, Audubon is positioned to fulfill the strategies listed above to reach address the environmental concerns and mission of the Society.

Committed and capable staff and volunteers
Supportive community partnerships
Financial resources and a funding model that sustains and enables growth
Engaged and active members and other supporters
A commitment to evaluation and learning
Strategic thinking, planning and action
Endowed and well-managed properties
Quality governance
Transparency, accountability and ethical behavior
Quality communications and outreach
Diverse perspectives

How we listen

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

Seeking feedback from people served makes programs more responsive and effective. Here’s how this organization is listening.

done We shared information about our current feedback practices.
  • How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

    To identify and remedy poor client service experiences, To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve, To understand people's needs and how we can help them achieve their goals

  • Which of the following feedback practices does your organization routinely carry out?

    We aim to collect feedback from as many people we serve as possible, We take steps to ensure people feel comfortable being honest with us, We engage the people who provide feedback in looking for ways we can improve in response, We act on the feedback we receive, We tell the people who gave us feedback how we acted on their feedback

  • What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?

    We don't have any major challenges to collecting feedback


Audubon Society of Rhode Island
Fiscal year: Jan 01 - Dec 31
Financial documents
2021 Audubon Society of Rhode Island 2020 Audubon Society of Rhode Island 2018 Jeffrey Hall 2016 2014
done  Yes, financials were audited by an independent accountant. info

Revenue vs. expenses:  breakdown

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info
Note: When component data are not available, the graph displays the total Revenue and/or Expense values.

Liquidity in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 36.81 over 10 years

Months of cash in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 2.8 over 10 years

Fringe rate in 2022 info

SOURCE: IRS Form 990


Average of 23% over 10 years

Funding sources info

Source: IRS Form 990

Assets & liabilities info

Source: IRS Form 990

Financial data

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Revenue & expenses

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Balance sheet

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of the financial health of an organization at a particular point in time. An organization's total assets should generally exceed its total liabilities, or it cannot survive long, but the types of assets and liabilities must also be considered. For instance, an organization's current assets (cash, receivables, securities, etc.) should be sufficient to cover its current liabilities (payables, deferred revenue, current year loan, and note payments). Otherwise, the organization may face solvency problems. On the other hand, an organization whose cash and equivalents greatly exceed its current liabilities might not be putting its money to best use.

Fiscal year ending: cloud_download Download Data

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Financial trends analysis Glossary & formula definitions

Fiscal Year: Jan 01 - Dec 31

SOURCE: IRS Form 990 info

This snapshot of Audubon Society of Rhode Island’s financial trends applies Nonprofit Finance Fund® analysis to data hosted by GuideStar. While it highlights the data that matter most, remember that context is key – numbers only tell part of any story.

Created in partnership with

Business model indicators

Profitability info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) before depreciation -$690,433 $1,928,309 $1,960,232 $2,080,068 -$3,857,528
As % of expenses -25.6% 55.6% 75.1% 69.0% -107.1%
Unrestricted surplus (deficit) after depreciation -$914,737 $1,674,244 $1,702,714 $1,830,126 -$4,117,206
As % of expenses -31.3% 45.0% 59.4% 56.0% -106.6%
Revenue composition info
Total revenue (unrestricted & restricted) $4,309,435 $3,183,201 $3,427,232 $5,076,015 $3,130,400
Total revenue, % change over prior year 38.8% -26.1% 7.7% 48.1% -38.3%
Program services revenue 6.7% 8.9% 1.6% 3.0% 8.3%
Membership dues 2.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Investment income 8.8% 11.6% 9.4% 7.3% 1.2%
Government grants 10.9% 16.1% 17.9% 17.3% 20.7%
All other grants and contributions 30.3% 52.8% 62.9% 43.0% 61.4%
Other revenue 40.9% 10.5% 8.3% 29.4% 8.3%
Expense composition info
Total expenses before depreciation $2,700,628 $3,465,236 $2,610,732 $3,015,744 $3,603,470
Total expenses, % change over prior year 7.8% 28.3% -24.7% 15.5% 19.5%
Personnel 65.7% 54.2% 70.1% 66.0% 63.2%
Professional fees 4.9% 4.9% 4.9% 6.5% 8.6%
Occupancy 3.6% 0.0% 3.2% 3.3% 3.1%
Interest 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%
Pass-through 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
All other expenses 25.8% 40.9% 21.7% 24.2% 25.0%
Full cost components (estimated) info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total expenses (after depreciation) $2,924,932 $3,719,301 $2,868,250 $3,265,686 $3,863,148
One month of savings $225,052 $288,770 $217,561 $251,312 $300,289
Debt principal payment $0 $0 $0 $60,000 $0
Fixed asset additions $543,421 $0 $0 $0 $0
Total full costs (estimated) $3,693,405 $4,008,071 $3,085,811 $3,576,998 $4,163,437

Capital structure indicators

Liquidity info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Months of cash 2.3 2.0 4.5 5.4 5.2
Months of cash and investments 67.5 61.0 89.3 87.2 59.2
Months of estimated liquid unrestricted net assets 51.0 46.0 69.7 68.2 43.8
Balance sheet composition info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Cash $517,993 $576,014 $981,315 $1,365,427 $1,550,089
Investments $14,675,463 $17,029,856 $18,450,144 $20,554,983 $16,212,594
Receivables $76,007 $108,182 $131,786 $214,910 $198,835
Gross land, buildings, equipment (LBE) $7,806,975 $7,913,643 $7,997,024 $8,115,674 $7,188,451
Accumulated depreciation (as a % of LBE) 55.7% 58.2% 60.8% 63.0% 60.9%
Liabilities (as a % of assets) 0.6% 0.8% 0.7% 0.7% 0.9%
Unrestricted net assets $14,923,607 $16,597,851 $18,300,565 $20,130,691 $15,951,646
Temporarily restricted net assets $274,962 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Permanently restricted net assets $17,063,030 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total restricted net assets $17,337,992 $17,395,256 $18,394,053 $19,068,930 $18,854,910
Total net assets $32,261,599 $33,993,107 $36,694,618 $39,199,621 $34,806,556

Key data checks

Key data checks info 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Material data errors No No No No No


The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Form 1023/1024 is not available for this organization

Executive Director

Mr. Jeffrey Hall

Number of employees

Source: IRS Form 990

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Officers, directors, trustees, and key employees

SOURCE: IRS Form 990

Show data for fiscal year
Compensation data
Download up to 5 most recent years of officer and director compensation data for this organization

There are no highest paid employees recorded for this organization.

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Board of directors
as of 05/09/2023
SOURCE: Self-reported by organization
Board of directors data
Download the most recent year of board of directors data for this organization
Board chair

Mr. David Caldwell, Jr.

Caldwell Realty

Term: 2022 - 2023

Donald Heitzmann


Terry Meyer


Jameson Chace

Salve Regina Universtiy

David Riedel

Adler, Pollock & Sheehan P.C.

Michael Viverios

DBVW Architects, Inc.

Amy Moses

Utilidata, Inc.

Laura Landen


Emily Westcott


Leslie Samayoa

Merrill Edge

David Caldwell

Caldwell & Johnson Custom Builders

Ann-Christine Duhaime

Massachusetts General Hospital

Ivan Colon

Fidelity Investments

Thomas Lisi

Marcum LLP

Emily Murphy

Morneau & Murphy

Patricia Thompson

Piccerelli Gilstein & Company, LLP

Carol Trocki

Conservation Biologist at Mosaic Land Management, LLC.

Olinda Urizar-Mendez

City of Providence

Shawen Williams

Private Financial Manager

Board leadership practices

SOURCE: Self-reported by organization

GuideStar worked with BoardSource, the national leader in nonprofit board leadership and governance, to create this section.

  • Board orientation and education
    Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations? Yes
  • CEO oversight
    Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year ? Yes
  • Ethics and transparency
    Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year? Yes
  • Board composition
    Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership? Yes
  • Board performance
    Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years? No

Organizational demographics

SOURCE: Self-reported; last updated 5/9/2023

Who works and leads organizations that serve our diverse communities? Candid partnered with CHANGE Philanthropy on this demographic section.


The organization's leader identifies as:

Race & ethnicity
Gender identity
Male, Not transgender
Sexual orientation
Heterosexual or Straight
Disability status
Person without a disability

Race & ethnicity

Gender identity

Transgender Identity

Sexual orientation

No data


No data

Equity strategies

Last updated: 05/09/2023

GuideStar partnered with Equity in the Center - an organization that works to shift mindsets, practices, and systems to increase racial equity - to create this section. Learn more

  • We review compensation data across the organization (and by staff levels) to identify disparities by race.
Policies and processes
  • We seek individuals from various race backgrounds for board and executive director/CEO positions within our organization.
  • We help senior leadership understand how to be inclusive leaders with learning approaches that emphasize reflection, iteration, and adaptability.
  • We engage everyone, from the board to staff levels of the organization, in race equity work and ensure that individuals understand their roles in creating culture such that one’s race identity has no influence on how they fare within the organization.